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Peer reviewed articles

2017

Akpinar-Elci, M., Bidaisee, S., Nguyen, M. T., & Elci, O. C. (2017). Occupational exposure
and respiratory health problems among nutmeg production workers in Grenada, the Caribbean. International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health, 1–5.https://doi.org/10.1080/10773525.201 7.1280948

Akpinar-Elci, M., Nguyen, M., Randall, M., Bidaisee, S., Elci, O., Olayinka, O., & Guzman, J. R. (2017). Assessment of current occupational safety and health regulations and legislation in the Caribbean. Revista Panamericana De Salud Publica = Pan American Journal of Public Health, 41, e26.

Alonso, F., Graham, R., Rustagi, T., Drazin, D., Loukas, M., Oskouian, R. J., ... Tubbs, R. S. (2017). The Subcostal Nerve During Lateral Approaches to the Lumbar Spine: An Anatomical Study with Relevance for Injury Avoidance and Postoperative Complications Such as Abdominal Wall Hernia. World Neurosurgery, 104, 669–673.https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2017. 05.055

Alonso, F., Kassem, M. W., Iwanaga, J., Oskouian, R. J., Loukas, M., Demerdash, A., & Tubbs, R. S. (2017). Anterior Inferior Cerebellar Arteries Juxtaposed with the Internal Acoustic Meatus and Their
Relationship to the Cranial Nerve VII/VIII Complex. Cureus, 9(8), e1570. https://
doi.org/10.7759/cureus.1570

Amaral-Zettler, L. A., Dragone, N. B., Schell, J., Slikas, B., Murphy, L. G., Morrall, C. E., &
Zettler, E. R. (2017). Comparative mitochondrial and chloroplast genomics of a genetically distinct form of Sargassum contributing to recent “Golden Tides” in the Western Atlantic. Ecology and Evolution, 7(2), 516–525. https://doi.org/10.1002/ece3.2630

Amaral-Zettler, L.A., Dragone, N.B., Schell, J, Slikas, B, Murphy, L.G, Morrall,C.E, and Zettler, E.R (2017). Comparative Mitochondrial and Chloroplast Genomics of a Genetically Distinct Form of Sargassum Contributing to Recent ‘Golden Tides’ in the Western Atlantic. Ecology and
Evolution 7, no. 2 (January 2017): 516–25.

Asher, E., & Bidaisee, S. (2017). Can Infections Cause Alzheimers Disease? Clin Res Trials, 3(2), 1-4

Bidaisee, S., & Dookeeram, D. (2017). Aviation and Alcohol: Assessment of Aeronautical
Decision Making among Caribbean Pilots. Int Public Health J, 9(1):91-97

Bilal, M., Edwards, B., Loukas, M., Oskouian, R. J., & Tubbs, R. S. (2017). Johann Gaspar
Spurzheim: A Life Dedicated to Phrenology. Cureus, 9(5), e1295. https://doi.org/10.7759/cureus.1295

Bilal, M., Voin, V., Topale, N., Iwanaga, J., Loukas, M., & Tubbs, R. S. (2017). The Clinical anatomy of the physical examination of the abdomen: A comprehensive review. Clinical Anatomy (New York, N.Y.), 30(3), 352–356. https://doi.org/10.1002/ca.22832

Bowen, G., Gonzales, J., Iwanaga, J., Fisahn, C., Loukas, M., Oskouian, R. J., & Tubbs, R. S.
(2017). Leonardo da Vinci (1452-1519) and his depictions of the human spine. Child’s Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery. 33, no. 12 (2017): 2067
–70. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00381-017-3354-9

Chun, I. K. H., Ojumah, N., Loukas, M., Oskouian, R. J., & Tubbs, R. S. (2017). Martin Heinrich Rathke (1793-1860) and his pouch and cyst. Child’s Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the
International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00381-017-3482-2

Collin, P. G., D’Antoni, A. V., Loukas, M., Oskouian, R. J., & Tubbs, R. S. (2017). Hip fractures in the elderly-: A Clinical Anatomy Review. Clinical Anatomy (New York, N.Y.), 30(1), 89–97. https://
doi.org/10.1002/ca.22779

Collin, P. G., Oskouian, R. J., Loukas, M., D’Antoni, A. V., & Shane Tubbs, R. (2017).
Five common clinical presentations in the elderly: An anatomical review. Clinical Anatomy (New York, N.Y.), 30(2), 168–174. https://doi.org/10.1002/ca.22771

Cooper, S., & Bidaisee, S. (2017). Evaluation of Risks and Factors linked to Precocious
Puberty. J Translational Diagn Technol. 2(1), 27-29.

Cox, M. A., Davis, M., Voin, V., Shoja, M., Oskouian, R. J., Loukas, M., & Tubbs, R. S.
(2017). Pineal Gland Agenesis: Review and Case Illustration. Cureus, 9(6), e1314.
https://doi.org/10.7759/cureus.1314

Davis, M, Loukas, M, and Tubbs, R.S (2017). “Jean Cruveilhier and His Contributions to
Understanding Childhood Hydrocephalus, Chiari II Malformation, and Spina Bifida.” Child’s Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery, October 24, 2017.

Del Pozo, J., Mishra, N., Kabuusu, R., Cheetham-Brow, S., Eldar, A., Bacharach, E., Lipkin, WI and Ferguson, HW. (2017). Syncytial hepatitis of tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus L.) is associated with orthomyxovirus-like virions. Veterinary Pathology 54:164-170.

Del-Pozo, J., Mishra, N., Kabuusu, R., Cheetham, S., Eldar, A., Bacharach, E., ... Ferguson, H. W. (2017). Syncytial Hepatitis of Tilapia ( Oreochromis niloticus L.) is Associated With Orthomyxovirus-Like Virions in Hepatocytes. Veterinary Pathology, 54(1), 164–170. https://doi.org/10.1177/0300985816658100

Di Cicco, E., Ferguson, H. W., Schulze, A. D., Kaukinen, K. H., Li, S., Vanderstichel, R., ...
Miller, K. M. (2017). Heart and skeletal muscle inflammation (HSMI) disease diagnosed on a British Columbia salmon farm through a longitudinal farm study. PloS One, 12(2), e0171471. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0171471

Dookeeram, D., Bidaisee, S., Paul, J. F., Nunes, P., Robertson, P., Maharaj, V. R., & Sammy, I. (2017). Polypharmacy and potential drug-drug interactions in emergency department patients in the Caribbean. International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy. 39, no. 5 (October 2017): 1119
–27. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11096-017-0520-9

Edwards, B., Wang, J. M., Iwanaga, J., Luviano, J., Loukas, M., Oskouian, R. J., & Tubbs, R.
S. (2017). Hiding Within the Cracks: Case Report of Rare Sutural Bone Found at the Nasion. Cureus, 9(6), e1333. https://doi.org/10.7759/cureus.1333

Fakoya, F. A., Emmanouil-Nikoloussi, E., Sharma, D., & Moxham, B. J. (2017). A core syllabus for the teaching of embryology and teratology to medical students. Clinical Anatomy (New York, N.Y.), 30(2),
159–167. https://doi.org/10.1002/ca.22802

Fisahn, C., Montalbano, M. J., Iwanaga, J., Moisi, M., Loukas, M., Chapman, J. R., ...
Tubbs, R. S. (2017). A new superficial landmark for the odontoid process: a cadaveric study. Anatomical Science International. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12565-017-0390-1

Forde, M. S., Martin, F., Mitchell, G., & Bidaisee, S. (2017). Public health response and lessons learned from the 2014 chikungunya epidemic in Grenada. Revista Panamericana De Salud Publica = Pan American Journal of Public Health, 41, e57.

Fries, F. N., Hendrix, P., Brinker, T. J., Loukas, M., & Tubbs, R. S. (2017). Otto Mennicke
(1876-) and the first description of skull base anomalies causing cerebellar tonsillar ectopia: one of the first mentions of the Chiari I malformation. Child’s Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the
International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery, 33(5), 825–827. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00381
-017-3395-0

Ghodasara, A., Delisio M., & Bidaisee S. (2017). Knowledge, Attitudes, and Perceptions on Genetically Modified Organisms: Case for Sterile Mosquito Release Against Zika in Grenada. Journal of Epidemiological Research, (3)1, 57-60

Gilloteaux, J, Subramanian, K, Solomon, N (2017). Peripheral neuropathy and leptin receptor defect: Demyelination of the sciatic nerve of the obese Zucker rat. Ultrastructural pathology; 41(1): 90-2.

Glasgow, L., Forde, M., Fletcher, S., & Keku, E. (2017). Compliance with the World
Organization for Animal Health guidelines for poultry production in Grenada. World's
Poultry Science Journal, 73(3), 515-526

Good C., Davidson J., Iwanowicz L., Meyer M., Dietz J., Kolpind D., Marancik D., Birkett J.,
Williams C., Summerfelt S (2017). Investigating the influence of nitrate nitrogen on post-smolt Atlantic salmon Salmo salar reproductive physiology in freshwater recirculation aquaculture
systems. Aquacultural Engineering. 78(A):2-8, 2017.

Granger, A., Sardi, J. P., Iwanaga, J., Wilson, T. J., Yang, L., Loukas, M., ... Tubbs, R. S.
(2017). Osborne’s Ligament: A Review of its History, Anatomy, and Surgical
Importance. Cureus, 9(3), e1080. https://doi.org/10.7759/cureus.1080
Guo, F., Forde, M. S., Werre, S. R., Krecek, R. C., & Zhu, G. (2017). Seroprevalence of five
parasitic pathogens in pregnant women in ten Caribbean countries. Parasitology
Research, 116(1), 347–358. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00436-016-5297-6

Heath, C.J., Lowther J., Noël T.P., Mark-George, I., Boothroyd D.B., Mitchell, G.,
MD, Macpherson C.N.L., A. Desiree LaBeaud, A.D. (2017) The Identification of Risk Factors for Chronic Chikungunya Arthralgia in Grenada, West Indies: A Cross WINDREF Annual Report 2017 61

Ghodasara, A., Delisio M., & Bidaisee S. (2017). Knowledge, Attitudes, and Perceptions on Genetically Modified Organisms: Case for Sterile Mosquito Release Against Zika in Grenada. Journal of Epidemiological Research, (3)1, 57-60

Gilloteaux, J, Subramanian, K, Solomon, N (2017). Peripheral neuropathy and leptin
receptor defect: Demyelination of the sciatic nerve of the obese Zucker rat. Ultrastructural pathology; 41(1): 90-2.

Glasgow, L., Forde, M., Fletcher, S., & Keku, E. (2017). Compliance with the World Organization for Animal Health guidelines for poultry production in Grenada. World's Poultry Science Journal, 73(3), 515
-526

Good C., Davidson J., Iwanowicz L., Meyer M., Dietz J., Kolpind D., Marancik D., Birkett J.,
Williams C., Summerfelt S (2017). Investigating the influence of nitrate nitrogen on post-smolt Atlantic salmon Salmo salar reproductive physiology in freshwater recirculation aquaculture systems. Aquacultural Engineering. 78(A):2-8, 2017.

Granger, A., Sardi, J. P., Iwanaga, J., Wilson, T. J., Yang, L., Loukas, M., ... Tubbs, R. S.
(2017). Osborne’s Ligament: A Review of its History, Anatomy, and Surgical Importance. Cureus, 9(3), e1080. https://doi.org/10.7759/cureus.1080

Guo, F., Forde, M. S., Werre, S. R., Krecek, R. C., & Zhu, G. (2017). Seroprevalence of five
parasitic pathogens in pregnant women in ten Caribbean countries. Parasitology Research, 116(1), 347
–358. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00436-016-5297-6

Heath, C.J., Lowther J., Noël T.P., Mark-George, I., Boothroyd D.B., Mitchell, G., MD, Macpherson C.N.L., A. Desiree LaBeaud, A.D. (2017) The Identification of Risk Factors for Chronic Chikungunya Arthralgia in Grenada, West Indies: A Cross Sectional Cohort Study. The Open Forum Infectious Diseases

Henry, B. M., Tomaszewski, K. A., Ramakrishnan, P. K., Roy, J., Vikse, J., Loukas, M., ... Walocha, J. A. (2017). Development of the anatomical quality assessment (AQUA) tool for the quality assessment of anatomical studies included in meta-analyses and systematic reviews. Clinical Anatomy (New York, N.Y.), 30(1), 6–13. https://doi.org/10.1002/ca.22799

Herath, T., Ashby, A., Jayasuriya, N., Bron, J., Taylor, J., Adams, S., Richards, R., Weidmann, M., Ferguson, H.W., Taggart, J., Migaud, H., Fordyce, M. & Thompson, K. (2017). Impact of Salmonid alphavirus infection in diploid and triploid Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) fry. PLoS ONE, 12 (9), Art. No.: e0179192

Hoenes, C., Atiya, S., & Bidaisee, S. (2017). Parasitic botfly infection of a child in
central Virginia. JAAD Case Reports, 3(4), 362–363.https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jdcr.20
17.03.004
Hoffman, T., Du Plessis, M., Prekupec, M. P., Gielecki, J., Zurada, A., Shane Tubbs, R., &
Loukas, M. (2017). Ultrasound-guided central venous catheterization: A review of the relevant anatomy, technique, complications, and anatomical variations. Clinical Anatomy (New York, N.Y.), 30(2),
237–250. https://doi.org/10.1002/ca.22768

Iwanaga, J., Alonso, F., Akobo, S., Turgut, M., Yurttas, C., Loukas, M., ... Tubbs, R. S.
(2017). The Lumbosacral Dural Venous Sinus: A New Discovery with Potential Clinical Applications. World Neurosurgery, 101, 203–207. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2017.01.116

Iwanaga, J., Granger, A., Vahedi, P., Loukas, M., Oskouian, R. J., Fries, F. N., ... Tubbs, R.
S. (2017). Mapping the Internal Anatomy of the Lateral Brainstem: Anatomical Study with Application to Far Lateral Approaches to Intrinsic Brainstem Tumors. Cureus, 9 (2),e1010.https://doi.org/10.7759/cureus. 1010

Johal, J., BelElary, S. S., Lax, E. A., Maharaja, G. K., Oskouian, R. J., Loukas, M., & Tubbs, R.
S. (2017). The vertebral nerve: A comprehensive review of its form and function. Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia, 41, 1–5. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jocn.2017.04.008

Johal, J., Fisahn, C., Burgess, B., Loukas, M., Chapman, J., Oskouian, R. J., & Tubbs, R. S.
(2017). The Dens: A Review of its Diverse Nomenclature and a Recommended Simplified Terminology. Cureus, 9(1), e981. https://doi.org/10.7759/cureus.981

Johal, J., Iwanaga, J., Loukas, M., & Tubbs, R. S. (2017). Anterior Fontanelle Wormian
Bone/ Fontanellar Bone: A Review of this Rare Anomaly with Case Illustration. Cureus, 9(7), e1443. https://doi.org/10.77 59/cureus.1443

Johal, J., Loukas, M., Oskouian, R. J., & Tubbs, R. S. (2017a). “Political co-authorships” in
medical science journals. Clinical Anatomy (New York, N.Y.), 30(6), 831–834. https://
doi.org/10.1002/ca.22932

Johal, J., Loukas, M., Oskouian, R. J., & Tubbs, R. S. (2017b). The early history of our
understanding of the functions of the spinal cord. Child’s Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00381-017-
3568-x

Johal, J., Paulk, P. B., Oakes, P. C., Oskouian, R. J., Loukas, M., & Tubbs, R. S. (2017). A
comprehensive review of the foramina of Luschka: history, anatomy, embryology, and surgery. Child’s Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery. 33, no. 9 (September 2017): 1459–62. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00381-017-3480-4

Johal, J., Ward, R., Gielecki, J., Walocha, J., Natsis, K., Tubbs, R. S., & Loukas, M. (2017). Beware of the predatory science journal: A potential threat to the integrity of medical research. Clinical Anatomy (New York, N.Y.), 30(6), 767–773. https://doi.org/10.1002/ca.22899

Kabuusu, R. M., Aire, A. T., Stroup, D. F., Macpherson, C. N. L., & Ferguson, H. W. (2017). Production-level risk factors for syncytial hepatitis in farmed tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus L). Journal of Fish Diseases.https://doi.org/10.1111/jfd.126 72

Kassem, M. W., Chern, J., Loukas, M., & Tubbs, R. S. (2017). Intramedullary placement of
ventricular shunts: a review of using bone as a distal cerebrospinal absorption site in
treating hydrocephalus. Child’s Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the
International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery. 33, no. 12 (December 2017): 2095
–98. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00381-017-3575-y

Kassem, MW., Iwanaga, J, Loukas, M, Stone, JJ, Smith, J, Spinner, RJ, and Tubbs, RS
(2017). Accessory Neuropathy After Sternotomy:Clinico-Anatomical Correlation
Supporting an Inflammatory Cause.” Clinical Anatomy (New York, N.Y.),
November 28, 2017.

Kaur, Varinder, and Arjun Swami. “Ibrutinib-Associated Tumor Lysis Syndrome in a Patient with Mantle
Cell Lymphoma: A Case Report. Journal of Oncology Pharmacy Practice: Official
Publication of the International Society of Oncology Pharmacy Practitioners 23, no. 3
(April 2017): 235–39.

Khalid, S., Iwanaga, J., Loukas, M., & Tubbs, R. S. (2017a). Bilateral Absence of the
Zygomatic Nerve and Zygomaticofacial Nerve and Foramina. Cureus, 9(7), e1505. https://doi.org/10.7759/cureus.1505

Khalid, S., Iwanaga, J., Loukas, M., & Tubbs, R. S. (2017b). Split Femoral Nerve Due to
Psoas Tertius Muscle: A Review with Other Cases of Variant Muscles Traversing the
Femoral Nerve. Cureus, 9(8), e1555. https://doi.org/10.7759/cureus.1555

Kim, S., Dennis, M., Holland, J., Terrell, M., Loukas, M., & Schober, J. (2017). The
Anatomy of Forearm Free Flap Phalloplasty for Transgender Surgery. Clinical Anatomy (New York, N.Y.). https://doi.org/10.1002/ca.23014

Lai, J., du Plessis, M., Wooten, C., Gielecki, J., Tubbs, R. S., Oskouian, R. J., & Loukas, M.
(2017). The blood supply to the sacrotuberous ligament. Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA. 39, no. 9 (September 2017): 953–59. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00276-017-1830-2

Landon, BG, Waechter, R, Wolfe, R (2017). Corporal Punishment and Physical Discipline in the Caribbean: Human rights and cultural practices. Caribbean Journal of Psychology: Vol 9, Issue 1

Macchi, V., Picardi, E. E. E., Porzionato, A., Morra, A., Bardini, R., Loukas, M., ... De
Caro, R. (2017). Anatomo-radiological patterns of pancreatic vascularization, with surgical implications: Clinical and anatomical study. Clinical Anatomy (New York, N.Y.), 30(5), 614–624. https://
doi.org/10.1002/ca.22885

Macchi, V., Porzionato, A, Morra, A, Picardi, EEE, Stecco, C, Loukas, M, Tubbs, RS, and
De Caro, R (2017). Anatomical Topography of the Inferior Lumbar Triangle for Transversus Abdominis Block: Comment on the Article by Chatzioglou et Al. Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA, September 30, 2017.

Macchi, V., Porzionato, A., Morra, A., Picardi, E. E. E., Stecco, C., Loukas, M., ... De Caro,
R. (2017). The triangles of Grynfeltt and Petit and the lumbar tunnel: an anatomo-radiologic study. Hernia: The Journal of Hernias and Abdominal Wall Surgery, 21(3), 369–376. https://doi.org/10.1007/
s10029-016-1509-3

Macpherson CC, Hill J (2017). Are Physicians Obliged To Lead Environmental
Sustainability Efforts in Health Care Organizations? Case Discussion. AMA
Journal of Ethics 19: 1164-1173. 2017. (http://journalofethics.ama-assn.org/2017/12/pdf/ecas2
-1712.pdf )

Macpherson CC, Wynia M (2017). Speaking up: are health professionals obligated to
advocate for actions to reduce the health risks of climate change. AMA Journal of Ethics 19: 1202
-1210. 2017 (http://journalofethics.ama-assn.org/2017/12/pd f/msoc1-1712.pdf )

Mashriqi, F, Iwanaga, J, Loukas, M, D’Antoni, AV, and Tubbs, RS (2017). Penetrating
Orbital Injuries: A Review. Cureus 9, no. 9 (September 29, 2017): e1725.

Mashriqi, F., Loukas, M., Oskouian, R. J., D’Antoni, A. V., & Tubbs, R. S. (2017). Chiari I Malformation and Spinal Cord Ischemia in a Cadaver. Cureus, 9(8), e1567. https://doi.org/10.7759/cureus.1567

Mian, A., Gabra, N. I., Sharma, T., Topale, N., Gielecki, J., Tubbs, R. S., & Loukas, M. (2017). Conjoined twins: From conception to separation, a review. Clinical Anatomy (New York, N.Y.), 30(3), 385–396. https://doi.org/10.1002/ca.22839

Montalbano, M. J., Loukas, M., Oakes, W. J., & Tubbs, R. S. (2017). Simultaneous Umbilical Hernia Repair with Transumbilical Ventriculoperitoneal Shunt Placement. Pediatric Neurosurgery, 52(2), 127–129. https://doi.org/10.1159/000455 922

Montalbano, M., Fisahn, C., Loukas, M., Oskouian, R. J., Chapman, J. R., & Tubbs, R.
S. (2017). Pediatric Hangman’s Fracture: A Comprehensive Review. Pediatric
Neurosurgery, 52(3), 145–150. https://doi.org/10.1159/000455923

Montalbano, MJ, Sharma, A, Oskouian, RJ, Loukas, M, and Tubbs, RS (2017). The
Ancient Syrian Physician Archigenes and His Contributions to Neurology and
Neuroanatomy. Child’s Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International
Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery 33, no. 9 (September 2017): 1419–20.

Morrison, K., Tomsons, S., Gomez, A., & Forde, M. (2017). Network of Ethical
Relationships model for global North-South population health research. Global
Public Health, January 1–24. https://doi.org/10.1080/17441692.2016.1276948

Muhleman, M. A., Aly, I., Walters, A., Topale, N., Tubbs, R. S., & Loukas, M. (2017). To
cut or not to cut, that is the question: A review of the anatomy, the technique, risks, and benefits of an episiotomy. Clinical Anatomy (New York, N.Y.), 30(3), 362–372. https://doi.org/10.1002/ca.22836

Nagaradona, C & Forde, M. (2017). Physician Perceptions on the Prevalence of Illegal
Abortions in Grenada, International Journal of Women’s Health and Wellness, 3(1), 3:049

Nimrod, S. H., Easter-Pilcher A.L., Aiken K., Buddo D., Franco C. (2017). Status of
Diadema antillarum populations in Grand Anse Bay, Grenada 30 years after mass
mortality. Bulletin of Marine Science, Volume 93, Number 3, July 2017, pp. 917-
927(11)

Paglio, A. E., Bradley, A. P., Tubbs, R. S., Loukas, M., Kozlowski, P. B., Dilandro, A.
C., ... D’Antoni, A. V. (2017). Morphometric analysis of temporomandibular joint
elements. Journal of Cranio-Maxillo-Facial Surgery: Official Publication of the
European Association for Cranio-Maxillo-Facial Surgery. https://doi.org/10.1016/
j.jcms.2017.07.005
Pękala, P. A., Miza, E., Henry, B. M., Popieluszko, P., Loukas, M., & Tomaszewski, K. A. (2017). Injury to the infrapatellar branch of the saphenous nerve during tendon graft harvesting for knee ligament reconstruction: An ultrasound simulation study. Clinical Anatomy (New York, N.Y.), 30(7), 868–
872. https://doi.org/10.1002/ca.22904

Poonja, A. J., Hirano, M., Khakimov, D., Ojumah, N., Tubbs, R. S., Loukas, M., ... D’Antoni, A. V. (2017). Anatomical Study of the Cervical and Interosseous Talocalcaneal Ligaments of the Foot with
Surgical Relevance. Cureus, 9(6), e1382. https://doi.org/10.7759/cureus.1382

Popieluszko, P, Mizia, E, Henry, BM, PĘkala, PA, Sanna, B, Roy, J, Loukas, M, and
Tomaszewski, KA (2017). The Surgical Anatomy of the Sural Nerve: An Ultrasound Study. Clinical Anatomy (New York, N.Y.), October 17, 2017

Porzionato, A., Macchi, V., Stecco, C., Loukas, M., Tubbs, R. S., & De Caro, R. (2017).
Forensic clinical anatomy: A new field of study with application to medicolegal issues. Clinical Anatomy (New York, N.Y.), 30(1), 2–5. https://doi.org/10.1002/ca.22 796

Protas, M., Voin, V., Wang, J. M., Iwanaga, J., Loukas, M., & Tubbs, R. S. (2017). A Rare
Case of Double-Headed Psoas Minor Muscle with Review of its Known Variants. Cureus, 9(6), e1312. https://doi.org/10. 7759/cureus.1312

Ramdhan, R. C., Loukas, M., & Tubbs, R. S. (2017b). Anatomical complications of hysterectomy: A review. Clinical Anatomy (New York, N.Y.), 30(7), 946–952. https://doi.org/10.1002/ca.22962

Ramesh, T., Nagula, S. V., Tardieu, G. G., Saker, E., Shoja, M., Loukas, M., ... Tubbs,
R. S. (2017). Update on the Notochord Including its Embryology, Molecular Development, and Pathology: A Primer for the Clinician. Cureus, 9(4), e1137. https://doi.org/10.7759/cureus.1137

Rizgalla, J., Shinn, A. P., Ferguson, H. W., Paladini, G., Jayasuriya, N. S., & Bron, J. E.
(2017). A novel use of social media to evaluate the occurrence of skin lesions affecting wild dusky grouper, Epinephelus marginatus (Lowe, 1834), in Libyan coastal waters. Journal of Fish Diseases, 40(5), 609–620. https://doi.org/10.1111/jfd.12540

Saker, E., Cox, M., Loukas, M., Oskouian, R. J., & Tubbs, R. S. (2017). George J. Garceau
(1896-1977) and the first introduction of the “filum terminale syndrome.” Child’s Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery, 33(8), 1233
–1236. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00381-016-3205-0

Saker, E., Henry, B. M., Tomaszewski, K. A., Loukas, M., Iwanaga, J., Oskouian, R. J., &
Tubbs, R. S. (2017). The filum terminale internum and externum: A comprehensive
review. Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical
Society of Australasia, 40, 6–13. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jocn.2016.12.020

Saker, E., Loukas, M., Fisahn, C., Oskouian, R. J., & Tubbs, R. S. (2017). Historical
Perspective of Split Cord Malformations: A Tale of Two Cords. Pediatric Neurosurgery,
52(1), 1–5. https://doi.org/10.1159/000 450584

Saker, E., Oskouian, R. J., Loukas, M., Johnston, J. M., Tubbs, R. S., & Conklin, M.
(2017). A never before reported variant of the sacrum. Surgical and Radiologic
Anatomy: SRA, 39(7), 807–809. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00276-016-1772-0

Saylor, L, Bernard, S, Vinaja, X, Loukas, M, and Schober, J (2017). Anatomy of Genital
Reaffirmation Surgery (Male-to-Female): Vaginoplasty Using Penile Skin Graft with
Scrotal Flaps. Clinical Anatomy 2017 Nov 27. doi: 10.1002/ca.23015

Schmidt, C. K., Rustagi, T., Alonso, F., Loukas, M., Chapman, J. R., Oskouian, R. J., &
Tubbs, R. S. (2017). Nerve root anomalies: making sense of a complicated literature. Child’s Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery, 33(8), 1261–1273. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00381-017-3457-3

Shereen, R., Loukas, M., & Tubbs, R. S. (2017). Extensor Digitorum Brevis Manus: A
Comprehensive Review of this Variant Muscle of the Dorsal Hand. Cureus, 9(8),
e1568. https://doi.org/10.7759/cureus.15 68

Singaravel, V., Gopalakrishnan, A., Raja, K., Asrafuzzaman, S. & Ferguson, HW (2017).
Neoplasia in goldlined seabream, Rhabdosargus sarba (Forsskål, 1775). J Fish Dis. 2017 Nov 10. doi: 10.1111/jfd.12737. [Epub ahead of print]

Slater, MW., Vinaja, X, Aly, I, Loukas, M, Terrell, M, and Schober, J (2017). “Neovaginal Construction with Pelvic Peritoneum: Reviewing an Old Approach for a New Application.” Clinical Anatomy (New York, N.Y.), November 27, 2017.

Solomon, N, Hayes, J. (2017). Levamisole: A high performance cutting agent. Academic
Forensic Pathology. 7(3):469-476.

Solomon, N, Zeyhle, E, Carter, J, Wachira, J, Mengiste, A, Romig, T, Field,s PJ, Macpherson, CNL(2017) Cystic Echinococcosis in Turkana, Kenya: The Role of Cross-Sectional Screening Surveys
in Assessing the Prevalence of Human Infection. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2017 Aug;97(2):587-595. doi: 10.4269/ajtmh.16-0643. PMID: 28722634

Solomon, N. (2017). Redefining the psychological autopsy: A proposal for collaboration between forensic pathology and investigative psychology. Journal of Investigative Psychology and Offender
Profiling. Accepted for publication 10 July 2017.

Solomon, N., Fields, P. J., Tamarozzi, F., Brunetti, E., & Macpherson, C. N. L. (2017).
Expert Reliability for the World Health Organization Standardized Ultrasound
Classification of Cystic Echinococcosis. The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and
Hygiene, 96(3), 686–691. https://doi.org/ 10.4269/ajtmh.16-0659

Solomon, N., Kachani, M., Zeyhle, E., & Macpherson, C. N. L. (2017). The natural history of cystic echinococcosis in untreated and albendazole-treated patients. Acta Tropica, 171, 52–57. https://
doi.org/10.1016/j.actatropica.2017.03.018

Tardieu, G. G., Loukas, M., Fisahn, C., Shoja, M. M., Oskouian, R. J., & Tubbs, R. S. (2017). The Italian Giuseppe Muscatello (1866-1951) and his contributions to our understanding of childhood spina bifida aperta and occulta. Child’s Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery, 33(3), 389–391. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00381-016-3204-1

Tardieu, G. G., Oskouian, R. J., Loukas, M., & Tubbs, R. S. (2017). A previously undescribed variant of the confluence of sinuses. Folia Morphologica, 76(2), 316–318. https://doi.org/10.5603/FM.a2016.0063

Tardieu, G. G., Topale, N., Saker, E., Loukas, M., Oskouian, R. J., & Tubbs, R. S. (2017).
Usher Parsons (1788-1868) and His 19th-Century Understanding and Surgical Treatment of Spinal Curvatures. World Neurosurgery, 102, 329–333. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2017.02.015

Taurisano, N. D., Butler, B. P., Stone, D., Hariharan, H., Fields, P. J., Ferguson, H. W.,
Hualena M., Cotrell P., Nielsen O, Raverty, S. (2017). Streptococcus phocae in Marine
Mammals of Northeastern Pacific and Arctic Canada: A Retrospective Analysis of
85 Postmortem Investigations. Journal of Wildlife Diseases. https://doi.org/10.7589/
2016-09-208

Terrell, M., Roberts, W., Price, C. W., Slater, M., Loukas, M., & Schober, J. (2017a).
Anatomy of the Pedicled Anterolateral Thigh Flap for Phalloplasty in Transitioning
-Males. Clinical Anatomy (New York, N.Y.). https://doi.org/10.1002/ca.23020

Terrell, M., Roberts, W., Price, C. W., Slater, M., Loukas, M., & Schober, J. (2017b).
Anatomy of the Pedicled Anterolateral Thigh Flap for Phalloplasty in Transitioning
-Males. Clinical Anatomy (New York, N.Y.). https://doi.org/10.1002/ca.23017

Thomas-Purcell, K. B., Tarver, W. L., Richards, C., & Primus-Joseph, M. (2017). Gatekeepers’ perceptions of the quality and availability of services for breast and cervical cancer patients in the English
-speaking Windward Islands: an exploratory investigation. Cancer Causes & Control: CCC. 28, no. 11 (November 2017): 1195–1206. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10552-017-0925-8

Tomaszewski, K. A., Henry, B. M., Kumar Ramakrishnan, P., Roy, J., Vikse, J., Loukas, M., ... Walocha, J. A. (2017). Development of the Anatomical Quality Assurance (AQUA) checklist: Guidelines for reporting original anatomical studies. Clinical Anatomy (New York, N.Y.), 30(1), 14–20.
https://doi.org/10.1002/ca.22800

Tsofack, JEK., Zamostiano, R., Watted, S., Berkowitz, A., Rosenbluth, E., Mishra, N.,
Briese, T., Lipkin, WI., Kabuusu, RM., Ferguson, H., del Pozo, J., (2017). Detection of Tilapia Lake Virus in Clinical Samples by Culturing and Nested Reverse Transcription-PCR. Journal of Clinical
Microbiology, 55, 759-767, 2017.

Tubbs, R. I., Gonzales, J., Iwanaga, J., Loukas, M., Oskouian, R. J., & Tubbs, R. S. (2017).
The influence of ancient Greek thought on fifteenth century anatomy: Galenic influence and Leonardo da Vinci. Child’s Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric
Neurosurgery. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00381-017-3462-6

Tubbs, R. S., Collin, P. G., D’Antoni, A. V., Loukas, M., Oskouian, R. J., & Spinner, R. J.
(2017). Sciatic Nerve Intercommunications: New Finding. World Neurosurgery, 98, 176
–181. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2016.10.118

Tubbs, R. S., Maldonado, A. A., Stoves, Y., Fries, F. N., Li, R., Loukas, M., ... Spinner, R.
J. (2017). A novel method of lengthening the accessory nerve for direct coaptation
during nerve repair and nerve transfer procedures. Journal of Neurosurgery, 1–5.
https://doi.org/10.3171/2016.10.JNS161106

Umeh, R., Loukas, M., Oskouian, R. J., & Tubbs, R. S. (2017). Ectopic arachnoid
granulation involving a rare intracranial venous sinus variant. Folia Morphologica,
76(2), 319–321. https://doi.org/10.5603/FM.a2016.0062

Umeh, R., Oskouian, R. J., Loukas, M., & Tubbs, R. S. (2017). Giant Arachnoid Granulation Associated with Anomalous Draining Vein: A Case Report. Cureus, 9(3), e1065. https://doi.org/10.7759/cureus.10 65

Voin, V., Iwanaga, J., Sardi, J. P., Fisahn, C., Loukas, M., Oskouian, R. J., & Tubbs, R. S.
(2017). Relationship of the Median and Radial Nerves at the Elbow: Application to Avoiding Injury During Venipuncture or Other Invasive Procedures of the Cubital Fossa. Cureus, 9(3), e1094. https://doi.
org/10.7759/cureus.1094

Wang, J. M., Edwards, B., Tardieu, G. G., Loukas, M., Oskouian, R. J., & Tubbs, R. S. (2017). More Than Meets the Eye: The Contributions of John Dalrymple (1803-1852). Cureus, 9(6), e1366. https://
doi.org/10.7759/cureus.1366

Wang, JMH, Fries, FN, Hendrix, P, Brinker, T, Loukas, M, and Tubbs, RS (2017). “Orbital
Blowout Fracture with Complete Dislocation of the Globe into the Maxillary Sinus.” Cureus 9, no. 9 (September 29, 2017): e1728.

Wilkerson, M. J., Black, K. E., Lanza-Perea, M., Sharma, B., Gibson, K., Stone, D. M.,
George A, Nair ADS, Ganta, R. R. (2017). Initial development and preliminary evaluation of a multiplex bead assay to detect antibodies to Ehrlichia canis, Anaplasma platys, and Ehrlichia chaffeensis outer membrane peptides in naturally infected dogs from Grenada, West Indies. Journal of Veterinary
Diagnostic Investigation: Official Publication of the American Association of Veterinary Laboratory Diagnosticians, Inc, 29(1), 109–114. https://doi.org/10.1177/ 1040638716671979

Żurada, A., Ustymowicz, A., Loukas, M., Michalak, M., Czyżewska, D., & Gielecki, J.
(2017). Computerized tomography of the transverse pericardial sinus: Normal or pathologic? Clinical Anatomy (New York, N.Y.), 30(1), 61–70. https://doi.org/10. 1002/ca.22778

Grantee Journal Articles

Amadi, V. A., Matthew-Belmar, V., Subbarao, C., Kashoma, I., Rajashekara, G., Sharma,
R., ... Stone, D. (2017). Campylobacter Species Isolated from Pigs in Grenada Exhibited Novel Clones: Genotypes and Antimicrobial Resistance Profiles of Sequence Types. Foodborne Pathogens and Disease, 14(7), 419–425. https://doi.org/10.1089/fpd.2016.2229

Amadi, VA., Hariharan, H., Arya G., Matthew-Belmar, V., Nicholas-Thomas, R., Pinckney, R., Sharma, R., Johnson R., (2017). Serovars and antimicrobial resistance of non-typhoidal Salmonella isolated from
non-diarrhoeic dogs in Grenada, West Indies. Veterinary Medicine and Science, DOI:10.1002/vms3.84.

Brown MC, Chikweto A , Tiwari KP., DeAllie C, Bhaiyat MI and Sharma RN (2017. Prevalence of canine heartworm disease in stray dogs of Grenada, West Indies, Open Journal of Veterinary Medicine, Vol 7: 168-174. 2017

Chikweto, A., Sharma, R. N., Tiwari, K. P., Verma, S. K., Calero-Bernal, R., Jiang, T., ...
Dubey, J. P. (2017). Isolation and RFLP Genotyping of Toxoplasma gondii in Free-Range Chickens (Gallus domesticus) in Grenada, West Indies, Revealed Widespread and Dominance of Clonal
Type III Parasites. The Journal of Parasitology, 103(1), 52–55. https://doi. org/10.1645/15
-945
O’Connell K., Tiwari K., Chikweto A., Bhaiyat M.I., Sharma R. N (2017). Epidemiological
study of rabies (from 2001 to 2016) in Grenada, West Indies. Veterinary Medicine -Open Journal. 2(2): 45-50. doi: 10 17140/VMOJ-2-115, 2017.

Sharma R, Tiwari K, Birmingham K, Armstrong E, Montanez A, Guy R, DeAllie C. (2017)
Cysticercus fasciolaris in brown rats (Rattus norvegicus) in Grenada, West Indies. Journal of Parasitology Research, Volume 2017 (2017), Article ID 1723406, 4 pages.

Sharma, R. N., Dufayet, R., Maufras, T., Connell, K. O., & Tiwari, K. (2017). Seroprevalence of antibodies to astrovirus in chickens in Grenada, West Indies. Veterinary World, 10(6), 636
–639. https://doi.org/10.14202/vetworld.2017.636-639

Sharma, R.N, Tiwari K., Samantha W., McKayla D., Cassandra Tang Wing, DeAllie C.
(2017). Detection of antibodies against bovine respiratory syncytial virus in ruminants of Grenada, West Indies. Journal of Animal Research 7 (2): 1-4, 2017.

Tiwari K., Bhaiyat M.I., Dufayet, R, Maufras, T, DeAllie C., Chikweto A., Sharma RN (2017).
Expression pattern of tumor markers in canine hemangiopericytoma. Indian Journal of Veterinary Pathology, 41(2) : 84-88.

Vogler TM, Kumthekar M, K Tiwari, DeAllie C, Sharma RN (2017). Current Status of M.
hyopneumoniae in Pigs in Grenada, West Indies. Open Journal of Veterinary Medicine,7 : 77
-84, 2017.

Werners, A. H. (2017). Treatment of endotoxaemia and septicaemia in the equine patient. Journal of Veterinary Pharmacology and Therapeutics, 40(1), 1–15. https://doi.org/10.1111/jvp.12329

2016

Akpinar-Elci M, Nguyen M, Bidaisee S, Elci OC. Pesticide Exposure in the Caribbean: A
Case from Nutmeg Processing, The Journal of Environmental Health, January/February
2016, 78 (6)

Bidaisee S., 2016. Sexual and reproductive health education: A case for inclusion in the curriculum of primary schools in the Caribbean. Int Public Health J 2016;8(3):00-0

Del Pozo, J., Mishra, N., Kabuusu, R., Cheetham-Brow, S., Eldar, A., Bacharach, E., Lipkin, W.I. and Ferguson, H.W. (2016). Syncytial hepatitis of tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus L.) is associated with ortho-myxovirus-like virions. Veterinary Pathol-ogy, On-line August 10th.

Farmer, K., James A., Naraine, R., Dolfin, G, Sylvester, W., Amadi, V. Kotelnikova, S. (2016). Urinary Tract Infection Escherichia coli Is Related to the Environmental Es-cherichia coli in Their DNA Barcoding and Antibiotic Resistance Patterns in Grenada. Advances In Microbiology, 6:33-46.

Forde M, Martin EF, Mitchell G, Bidaisee S., 2016. Public health response and lessons learned from the 2014 Chikungunya epi-demic in Grenada. Revista Panamericana de Salud

Gallo, R.C, Willems, L. and Hasegawa, H...Macpherson, C.N.L, et al (2016). Screening transplant donors for HTLV-1 and -2. Blood 2016 :blood-2016-09-739433; doi:10.1182/blood -2016-09-739433

Gibson, K.E., Fitzpatrick, D.M., Stone, D., Noel, T.P., Macpherson, C.N.L. (2016). Vector-
borne diseases in the Caribbean: History and current status. CAB Reviews 11 (022).
Doi:10.1079/PAVSNNR 2016 11022.

Gonzalez D., Bidaisee S., 2016. Uncovering the Needs of Underserved Areas in Arequipa,
Peru: Community Perspectives. West In-dian Medical Journal, DOI is 10.7727/wimj.2016.066

Herath, T., Ashby, A., Jayasuriya, N., Bron, J., Taylor, J., Adams, S., Richards, R., Weid-
mann, M., Ferguson, H.W., Taggart, J., Mi-gaud, H., Fordyce, M. & Thompson, K. (2016). Impact of Salmonid alphavirus in-fection in diploid and triploid Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) fry. In press. Plos one.

Herath,T.K., Ferguson, H.W., Weidmann, M., Bron, J.E., Thompson, K.d., Adams, A., Rich-
ards, R.H. (2016). Pathogenesis of experi-mental salmonid alphavirus infection in vivo: an ultrastructural insight. Veterinary Research. (on line: http:// www. veteri-naryresearch.org/content/47/1/7).

Keku E, Denny V, Zahedi I, Deliso M, Glasgow L, Russell H, Bidaisee S (2016). Stray dog control and zoonotic disease prevention in Grenada, West Indies: Implications for ra-bies control. Journal of Epizootiology and Animal Health in West Africa (2016) vol. 12, Special issue

Macpherson, C., Noël, T., Fields, P. J., Jung-kind, D., Yearwood, K, Simmons, M., Wid-
jaja, S., Mitchell, G., Noël, D., Bidaisee, S., Myers, T. E., LaBeaud, A. D. (2016), Clinical
and Serological Insights from the Asian Lineage Chikungunya Outbreak in Grenada, 2014: An Observational Study. Am J Trop Med Hyg pii: 16-0122; Published online August 15, 2016.

Naraine, R., Charles, A. , Walcotte, T., Findley, L., Kvostova, E., Alleynes, S., Willams, J.,
Ramirez, J., Im, D. , Tau, F., Joseph, A., McEven, A. , Kotelnikova, S. (2016). Char-acterization of CRISPR-Cas Operons and spacer elements in the acidophilic Ar-chaeum Ferroplasma acidarmanus fer1.
Oxford Journal Of Viral Evolution. March, 2016, vol.1. Suppl.2

Resnick J, Bidaisee S, Durgampudi PK, Keku EO (2016) The Dangers of Smallpox in Modern
Day Bioterrorism. J Translational Diagn Technol. 1(3), 21-26

Rizgalla, J. Brown, J.E., Shinn, A.P., Herath, T.K., Paladini, G. Ferguson, H.W. (2016). Ulcerative dermatitis in wild dusky grouper Epinaphelus marginatus (Lowe) from Lib-yan Waters. J. Fish diseases (on line May,4, 2016)

Rizgalla, J., Shinn, A.P., Ferguson, H.W., Pala-dini, G., Jayasuyira, N., Taggart, J. & Bron,
J.E. (2016). A novel use of social media to evaluate the occurrence of skin lesions af-fecting wild dusky grouper, Epinephelus marginatus (Lowe, 1834), in Libyan coastal waters. In press, J Fish Dis.

Sandoval, C., Infante, J., Battaglia, J., Pardes, E., Ferguson, H.W., Llardi, P. (2016). Case
report: strawberry disease in farmed Chil-ean rainbow trout. J. Aquatic Anim. Health. 28: 1-10.

Willems L, Hasegawa H, Accolla R, Bangham C, Bazarbachi A, Bertazzoni U, Carneiro-
Proietti AB, Cheng H, Chieco-Bianchi L, Ci-minale V, Coelho-Dos-Reis J, Esparza J,
Gallo RC, Gessain A, Gotuzzo E, Hall W, Harford J, Hermine O, Jacobson S, Macchi
B, Macpherson C, Mahieux R, Matsuoka M, Murphy E, Peloponese JM, Simon V, Ta-
gaya Y, Taylor GP, Watanabe T, Yamano Y. (2016). Reducing the global burden of
HTLV-1 infection: an agenda for research and action. Antiviral Research. Antiviral Res. 2016 Nov 11;137:41-48. doi: 10.1016/j.antiviral.2016.10.015

2015

Akobo S, Rizk E, Loukas M, Chapman JR, Osk-ouian RJ, Tubbs RS (2015). "The odontoid
process: a comprehensive review of its anatomy, embrology, and variations". Childs Nervous System, 31(11):2025-34

Akpinar-Elci M, Martin F E, Behr J G, Diaz R (2015). Saharan dust, climate variability,
and asthma in Grenada, the Caribbean. International Journal of Biometeorology. 9(11):1667
-71

Akpinar-Elci, M, Coomansingh, K, Blando, J, Mark, L(2015). Household bush burning
practice and related respiratory symptoms in Grenada, the Caribbean. Journal of Air &
Waste Management Association.2015 S e p ; 6 5 ( 9 ) : 1 1 4 8-5 2 . d o i : 10.1080/10962247.2015.1070773.

Amaral-Zettler, LA, Zettler, ER, Slikas, B, Boyd, GD, Melvin, DW, Morrall, CE, Prosku-
rowski, G, and Mincer, TJ (2015). The bio-geography of the Plastisphere: implications
for policy. Front Ecol Environ 2015; 13(10): 541–546, doi:10.1890/150017

Bernard S, Loukas M, Rizk E, Oskouian RJ, Delashaw J, Tubbs RS (2015). The human occipital bone: review and update on its embryology and molecular developments. Childs Nervous System, 31(12):2217
-23

Bidaisee, S., Quereshi, A., Dookeeram, D. (2015). Animals as sentinels of environ-mental hazards to humans: case of hard-ware diseases in Grenada. Caribbean Medical Journal; 77:S(2)1.

Bosmia AM, Hogan E, Loukas M, Tubbs RS, Cohen-Gadol AA (2015). Blood supply to the human spinal cord: part I. Anatomy and hemodynamics. Clinical Anatomy, 28(1):52-64

Bosmia AM, Tubbs RS, Hogan E, Bohnstedt BN, Denardo AJ, Loukas M, Cohen-Gadol AA (2015). Bloody supply to the human spinal cord: part II. Imaging and pathology. Clin-cal Anatomy, 28(1):65
-74

Bosmia AN, Tubbs RS, Hogan E, Bohnstedt BN, Denardo AJ, Loukas M, Cohen-Gadol AA (2015). Blood Supply to the human spinal cord. II. Imaging and pathology Clinical Anatomy, 28(1):65-74

Brown M, Chikweto A, Sharma R (2015). A ret-rospective study of tumors in nasal and paranasal regions of dogs in Grenada, West Indies. J Anim Res. 5(3): 403-406.

Butt AM, Gill C, Demerdash A, Watanabe K, Loukas M, Rozzelle CJ, Tubbs RS (2015). A comprehensive review of the sub-axial ligaments of the vertebral column: part II histology and embryology. Childs Nervous System, 31(7):1061-6

Butt AM, Gill C, Demerdash A, Watanabe K, Loukas M, Rozzelle CJ, Tubbs RS (2015). A comprehensive review of the sub-axial ligaments of the vertebral column: part I anatomy and function. Childs Nervous Sys-tem, 31(7):1037-59

Cesmebasi A, Baker A, Du Plessis M, Matusz P, Tubbs RS, Loukas M (2015). The surgical anatomy of the inguinal lymphatics. Ameri-can Journal of Surgery, 81(4):365-9

Cesmebasi A, John A, Etienne D, Shane TubbsR, Loukas M (2015). Heinrich Obersteiner and his contributions. Clinical Anatomy, 28(1):5-11
Cesmebasi A, Loukas M, Hogan E, Kralovic S, Tubbs RS, Cohen-Gadol AA (2015). The Chi-ari malformations: a review with emphasis on anatomical traits. Clinical Anatomy, 28(2):184-94

Cesmebasi A, Melafant J, Patel SD, Du Plessis M, Renna S, Tubbs RS, Loukas M (2015). The surgical anatomy of the lymphatic sys-tem of the pancreas. Clinical Anatomy, 28(4):527-37

Cesmebasi A, Muhleman MA, Hulsberg P, Gielecki J, Matusz P, Tubbs RS, Loukas M (2015). Occipital neuralgia: anatomic con-siderations. Clinical Anatomy, 28(1):101-8

Cesmebasi A, Yadav A, Gielecki J, Tubbs RS, Loukas M (2015). Genitofemoral neuralgia: a review. Clinical Anatomy, 28(1):128-35

Chotai PN, Loukas M, Tubbs RS (2015). Un-usual origin of the levator scapulae muscle from mastoid process. Surgical and Ra-diologic Anatomy, 37(10):1277-81

Coomansingh CM, Yabsley M, Wagner N, Pinckney R, Bhaiyat MI, Chikweto A, Macpherson C, Fields P (2015). Meta-analysis of the prevalence of Dirofilaria im-mitis in dogs from Grenada, West Indies. Int J Vet Med. Res. And reports. Vol. 2015 article ID 429690, 8 pages. DOI: 10.5171/2015.429690.

Du Plessis M, Ramai D, Shah S, Holland JD, Tubbs RS, Loukas M (2015). The clinical anatomy of the musculotendinous part of the diaphragm. Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy, 37(9):1013-20

Forde, M.S., Dewailly, E. (2015). What Is in the Caribbean Baby? Assessing Prenatal Expo-sures and Potential Health Outcomes to Environmental Contaminants in 10 Carib-bean Countries. West Indian Med J. 2015 J a n ; 6 4 ( 1 ) : 2 3-8 . d o i : 1 0 . 7 7 2 7 /wimj.2015.112. Epub 2015 Apr 28.

Forde MS, Mitchell L (2015). Trends in re-ported occupational injury claims for Gre-nada and Dominica. West Indian Medical Journal. 2015, 1-75.

Forde MS, Robertson L, Laouan Sidi E A, Côté S, Gaudreau E, Drescher O, Ayotte P (2015). Evaluation of exposure to organo-phosphate, carbamate, phenoxy acid, and chlorophenol pesticides in pregnant
women from 10 Caribbean countries. Envi-ron Sci Process Impacts. 17(9):1661-71.

Griessenauer CJ, Yalcin B, Matusz P, Loukas M, Kulwin CG, Tubbs RS, Gadol AA. (2015). Analysis of the tortuosity of the internal carotid artery in the cavernous sinus. Childs Nervous System, 31(6):941-4

Griessenauer CJ, Raborn J, Foreman P, Shoja MM, Loukas M, Tubbs RS (2015). "Venous drainage of the spine and spinal cord: a comprehenive review of its history, embry-ology, anatomy, physiology, and pathol-ogy". Clinical Anatomy, 28(1):75-87

Haffner MJ, Oakes P, Demerdash A, Yammine KC, Watanabe K, Loukas M, Tubbs RS (2015). Formaldehyde exposure and its effects during pregnancy: recommenda-tions for laboratory attendance based on available data. Clinical Anatomy, 28(8):972-9

Hayat M, Hill M, Kelly D, Tubbs RS, Loukas M (2015). A very unusual complication of am-niocentesis. Clinical Case Reports, 3(6):345-8

Ivashchuk G, Loukas M, Blount JP, Tubbs RS, Oakes WJ(2015). Chiari III malformation: a comprehensive review of this enigmatic anomaly. Childs Nervous System, 31(11):2035-40

Kimball D, Kimball H, Matusz P, Tubbs RS, Lou-kas M, Cohen-Gadol AA (2015). Ossifica-tion of the posterior petroclinoid dural fold: a cadaveric study with neurosurgical significance. "Journal of Neurological Sur-gery. Part B, Skull Base", 76(4):272-7

Kimball D, Kimball H, Shane Tubbs R, Loukas M (2015). Variant middle meningeal artery origin from the ophthalmic artery: a case report. Surgical Radiologic Anatomy, 37:105–108

Kimball D, Ples H, Kimball H, Miclaus GD, Matusz P, Loukas M (2015). Fusiform an-eurysm of a persistent trigeminal artery associated with rare intracranial arterial variations and subarachnoid hemorrhage. Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy, 37(1):115-8. doi: 10.1007/s00276-014-1304-8.

Kimball D, Ples H, Miclaus GD, Matusz P, Lou-kas M (2015). Persistent hypoglossal artery aneurysm located in the hypoglossal canal with associated subarachnoid hemorrhage. Surgical Radiologic Anatomy, 37(2):205-9. doi: 10.1007/s00276-014-1285-7.

Larner SP, Mcquone B, Schober JM, Loukas M, Terrell M (2015). Perceptions of the living
dead: an assessment of knowledge and opinions about whole body donation and its process and willingness to become ca-daveric donors in Pennsylvania. Clinical Anatomy, 28(4):442-8

Loukas M (2015). Translational Research in Anatomy: The Future of our Discipline. Translational Research in Anatomy. 2015, D e c e m b e r p p . 1 d o i : 1 0 . 1 0 1 6 /j.tria.2015.10.004

Loukas M, Du Plessis M, Louis RG Jr, Tubbs RS, Wartmann CT, Apaydin N(2015).The sub-
diaphragmatic part of the phrenic nerve -morphometry and connections to the autonomic ganglia. Clinical Anatomy, 29(1):120-8.

Loukas M, Germain AS, Gabriel A, John A, Tubbs RS, Spicer D (2015). Coronary artery fistula: a review. Cardiovascular Pathology, 24(3):141-8

Loukas M, Tubbs RS, Louis RG Jr, Apaydin N, Bartczak A, Vefali H, Alsaiegh N, Fudalej M
(2015). Erratum to: an endoscopic and anatomical approach to the septal papil-lary muscle of the conus. Surgical and Ra-diologic Anatomy, 37(5):569

Macpherson CC, Akpinar-Elci M (2015). Carib-bean heat threatens health, well-being, and the future of humanity. Public Health Ethics. 2015. Vol: 1-13. doi:10.1093/phe/phv008

Marasa L, Tubbs I, Loukas M, Tubbs RS (2015). Neurosurgical contributions of Samuel D Gross. Acta Medico-Historica Adriatica, 13(1):105-12

Matusz P, MICLĂUŞ GD, Banciu CD, Sas I, Joseph SC, Pirtea LC, Tubbs RS, Loukas M
(2015). Congenital solitary kidney with multiple renal arteries: case report using MDCT angiography. Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology, 56(2):823-6

Matusz P, MICLĂUŞ GD, Gabriel A, Ca-tereniuc I, Olariu S, Tubbs RS, Loukas M (2015). Single ectopic thoracic renal artery associated with a normal kidney position and renal artery stenosis: a case report and review of literature. Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology, 56(2):557
-62
Miclaus GD, Pupca G, Gabriel A, "Matusz P, ", Loukas M (2015). Right lump kidney with varied vasculature and urinary system re-vealed by multidetector computed tomo-graphic (MDCT) angiography. Surgical Ra-diologic Anatomy, 37(7):859-65. doi: 10.1007/s00276-014-1390-7

PLEŞ H, Kimball D, MICLĂUŞ GD, Iacob N, Kimball H, Matusz P, Tubbs RS, Loukas M
(2015). Fenestration of the middle cerebral artery in a patient who presented with transient ischemic attack. Romanian Jour-nal of Morphology and Embryology, 56(2):861-5

PLEŞ H, Loukas M, Iacob N, Andall NR, MI-CLĂUŞ GD, Tubbs RS, Matusz P. (2015). Duplication of the distal end of the left ver-tebral artery with fenestration of the right posterior cerebral artery. Romanian Jour-nal of Morphology and Embryology, 56(2):575-7

Raeburn K, Burns D, Hage R, Tubbs RS, Loukas M (2015). Cross-sectional sonographic as-sessment of the posterior interosseus nerve. Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy, 37(10):1155-60

Shoja MM, Tubbs RS, Bosmia AN, Fakhree MA, Jouyban A, Balch MW, Loukas M,K h o d a -
doust K Khalili M, Eknoyan G (2015). Herbal diurectics in medieval Persian and Arabic medicine
Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, 21(6):309-20

Tubbs RI, Barton JC III, Watson CC, Kollias T, Ward RJ, Loukas M, Barbaro NM, Cohen-
Gadol AA. A novel method for sciatic nerve decompression: Cadaveric feasibility study with potential application to patients with piriformis syndrome. Translational Re-search in Anatomy. (2015)
40e-43 doi:10.1016/j.tria.2015.10.006

Tubbs RS, Blouir MC, Singh R, Lachman N, D'Antoni AV, Loukas M, Hattab E, Oskouian
RJ (2015). Relationship between regional atherosclerosis and adjacent spinal cord histology. Cureus, 7(9):e329.

Tubbs RS, Bosmia AN, Gupta T, Chawla K, Lou-kas M, Sahni D, Cohen-Gadol AA (2015).
The enigmatic psalterium: a review and anatomic study with relevance to calloso-tomy procedures. Neurosurgery, 11(2):322-8

Tubbs RS, Griessenauer CJ, Bilal M, Raborn J, Loukas M, Cohen-Gadol AA( 2 0 1 5 ) . Dural septation of the inner surface of the jugular foramen: an anatomical study. "Journal of Neurological Surgery. Part B, Skull Base", 76(3):214-7

Tubbs RS, Griessenauer CJ, Hendrix P, Oakes P, Loukas M, Chern JJ, Rozzelle CJ, Oakes WJ
(2015). Relationship between pharyngitis and peri-odontoid pannus: a new etiology for some Chiari I malformations? Clinical Anatomy, 28(5):602-7

Tubbs RS, Lobashevsky A, Oakes P, D'Antoni AV, Hattab E, Topp K, Loukas M, Spinner R
(2015). Meningeal relationships to the spi-nal nerves and rootlets: a gross histological and radioloical study with application to intradural extramedullary spinal tumors. Childs Nervous System, 31(5):675
-81
Tubbs RS, Loukas M, Barbaro NM, Cohen-Gadol AA (2015). Superficial cortical land-marks for localization of the hippocampus: application for temporal lobectomy and amygdalohippocampectomy. Surgical Neu-rology International, 6:16

Tubbs RS, Sharma A, Loukas M, Cohen-Gadol AA (2015). External cortical landmarks and
measurements for the temporal horn: anatomic study with application to surgery of the temporal lobe. Surgical Neurology International, 6:17

Tubbs RS, Shoja M M, Aggarwal A, Gupta T, Loukas M, Sahni D, Ansari SF, Cohen-Gadol AA. Choroid plexus of the fourth ventricle: Review and anatomic study highlighting anatomical variations. Journal of Clinical Neuroscience. 2015, pii: S0967-5868(15)00530-5

Tubbs RS, Tubbs I, Loukas M, Cohen-Gadol AA (2015). Ventriculoiliac shunt: a cadaveric
feasibility studyJournal of Neurosur-gery. Pediatrics, 15(3):310-2. doi: 10.3171/2014.10.PEDS14252

Tubbs RS, Tubbs I, Loukas M, Oakes WJ (2015). Alexander Monro Tertius and his works on
hydrocephalus. Child's Nervous System, 31(3):351-3. doi: 10.1007/s00381-014-2466-8

Tubbs RS, Walker AM, Demerdash A, Matusz P, Loukas M, Cohen-Gadol AA (2015). Skull
base connections between the middle meningeal and internal carotid arteries. Childs Nervous System, 31(9):1515-20

Veith P, Watanabe K, Shoja MM, Blaak C, Lou-kas M, Tubbs RS (2015). Humphrey Ridley (1653
-1708): forgotten neuroanatomist and neurophysiologist. Clinical Anatomy, 28(1):12-5

Waechter R, (2015). Sexual Violence in Amer-ica: Public Funding and Social Priority. American Journal of Public Health, 105(12): 2430-2437

Wooten C, Doros C, Miclaus GD, Matusz P, Loukas M (2015). A case of bilateral tra-cheal bronchus: report of a rare associa-tion in multidetector computed tomogra-phy bronchoscopy. Surgical Radiologic
Anatomy, 37(6):693-696

2014

Akpinar-Elci, M., Elci, O.C. (2014). Re: Pierce et al. Diacetyl and 2,3-pentanedione exposures associated with cigarette smoking: Implications for risk assessment of food and flavoring workers Crit Rev Toxicol,2014; 44(5):420-435 Critical Reviews in Toxicology; 44:7(638-639).

Anderson, R., Morrall, C., Jossart, J., Nimrod, S., Bolda, E., Musser, K., Berg, C., Balza, R. (2014). Marine Protected Area monitoring in the nearshore waters of Grenada, Eastern Caribbean. Rev. Biol. Trop. (Int. J. Trop. Biol. ISSN-0034-7744) Vol. 62 (Suppl. 3): 273-286.

Bidaisee, S., Macpherson C.N.L. (2014). Zoonoses and one health: A review of the literature. Journal of Parasitology Research, Article Number 874345.

Bosmia, A.N., Patel, T.R., Watanabe, K., Shoja, M.M., Loukas, M., Tubbs, R.S. (2014). Benjamin Hobson (1816-1873): His work as a medical missionary and influence on the practice of medicine and knowledge of anatomy in China and Japan. Clin Anat.; 27(2):154-61.

Bosmia, A.N., Tubbs, R.I., Clapp, D.C., Batzdorf, U., Loukas, M., Tubbs, R.S. (2014).
Johann Conrad Brunner (1653-1727) and the first description of syringomyelia. Childs Nerv Syst.; 30(2):193-6.

Cassidy, L., Bandela, S., Wooten, C., Jennifer, C., Tubbs, R.S., Loukas, M.(2014). Friedrich Trendelenburg: historical background and significant medical contributions. Clin Anat.; 27(6):815-20.

Cesmebasi, A., Abel, N., Tubbs, R.S., Loukas, M. (2014). Fat herniation through the canal of Schwalbe. Folia Morphol, 73(4) 504-6.

Cesmebasi, A., Du Plessis, M., Iannatuono, M., Shah, S., Tubbs, R.S., Loukas, M. (2014). A review of the anatomy and clinical significance of adrenal veins. Clin Anat.; 27(8):1253-63.

Cesmebasi, A., Gabriel, A., Niku, D., Bukala, K., Donnelly, J., Fields, P.J., Tubbs, R.S., Loukas, M.(2014). Pediatric head and neck tumors: An intra-demographic analysis using SEER* database. Medical Science Monitor, 20(2536-2542).
Cesmebasi, A., Oelhafen, K., Shayota, B.J., Klaassen, Z., Tubbs, R.S., Loukas, M. (2014). A historical perspective: Bernhard von Langenbeck German surgeon (1810-1887). Clin Anat.;27(7):972-5.

Chamberlain, R.S., Klaassen, Z., Meadows, M.C., Weitzman, S., Loukas, M. (2014). St George's University's Medical Student Research Institute: A Novel, Virtual Programme for Medical Research Collaboration. West Indian Med J.; 63(1):86-92.

Chappell, T.M., Panchani, P.N., Moore, G.D., Shane Tubbs, R., Shoja, M.M., Loukas, M., Kozlowski, P.B., Khan, K.H., DiLandro, A.C., D'Antoni, A.V. (2014). Morphometry of the fibular collateral ligament: anatomic study with comprehensive review of the literature. Clin Anat.; 27(7):1089-96.

Charran, O., Muhleman, M., Shah, S., Tubbs, R.S., Loukas, M. (2014). Ligaments of the rectum: anatomical and surgical considerations. Am Surg.; 80(3):275-83.

Collins, J.A., Munoz, J.V., Patel, T.R., Loukas, M., Tubbs, R.S. (2014). The anatomy of the aging aorta. Clin Anat.; 27(3):463-6.

Delannoy, C. M., Zadoks, R. N., Crumlish, M., Rodgers, D., Lainson, F. A., Ferguson, H. W., et al. (2014). Genomic comparison of virulent and non-virulent Streptococcus agalactiae in fish. J Fish Dis.

Demerdash, A., Loukas, M., Tubbs, R.S. (2014). The tragedy of syrinx. Childs Nerv Syst.; 30(3):371-3.

Dewailly, E., Forde, M., Robertson, L., Kaddar, N., Laouan Sidi, E. A., Cote, S., et al. (2014). Evaluation of pyrethroid exposures in pregnant women from 10 Caribbean countries. Environ Int, 63, 201-206.

Fergusan, H. W., Kabuusu, R., Lince, J. A., Beltran, S., Reyes, S. del Pozo. (2014). Hepatic syncytial disease of farmed tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus): a case report. J. Fish Diseases 37: 583-589.

Forde, M.S., Dewailly, E., Robertson, L., Laouan Sidi, E.A., CÔté, S., Dumas, P., Ayotte, P. (2014). Prenatal exposure to persistent organic pollutants and polybrominated diphenyl ethers in 10 Caribbean countries Environmental Research, 133(211-219).

Forde, M.S., Dewailly, E., Robertson, L., Laouan Sidi, E.A., Côté, S., Sandy, L., Dumas, P., Ayotte, P. (2014). Mercury and lead blood concentrations in pregnant women from 10 Caribbean countries Environmental Sciences: Processes and Impacts; 16:9(2184-2190).

Gabriel, A., Batey, J., Capogreco, J., Kimball, D., Walters, A., Tubbs, R.S., Loukas, M. (2014). Adult brain cancer in the U.S. black population: a Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) analysis of incidence, survival, and trends. Med Sci Monit., 25;20:1510-7.

Gabriel, A., Donnelly, J., Kuc, A., Good, D., Doros, G., Matusz, P., Loukas, M. (2014). Ectopia cordis: A rare congenital anomaly. Clin Anat; 27(8):1193-9.

Griessenauer, C.J., Loukas, M., Tubbs, R.S., Cohen-Gadol, A.A. (2014). The artery of Percheron: an anatomic study with potential neurosurgical and neuroendovascular importance. Br J Neurosurg.; 28(1):81-5.

Hendrix, P., Griessenauer, C.J., Foreman, P., Loukas, M., Fisher, W.S. 3rd, Rizk, E., Shoja, M.M., Tubbs, R.S. (2014). Arterial supply of the lower cranial nerves: a comprehensive review. Clin Anat.; 27(1):108-17.

Hendrix, P., Griessenauer, C.J., Foreman, P., Shoja, M.M., Loukas, M., Tubbs, R.S. (2014). Arterial supply of the upper cranial nerves: A comprehensive review. Clin Anat; 27(8):1159-66.

Herbers, M., Harihran, H., Matthew, V., Oliveira, S., Rovira, A., Sharma, R.N. & Ferguson, H.W. (2014). Photobacterium damselae in “jacks” (Selar crumenophthalmus) from Grenada, West Indies. J Fish Diseases 37:675-677.

Ho, A., Gabriel, A., Bhatnagar, A., Etienne, D., Loukas, M. (2014). Seasonality pattern of breast, colorectal, and prostate cancer is dependent on latitude. Med Sci Monit.; 20:818-24.

Housman, B., Bellary, S., Hansra, S., Mortazavi, M., Tubbs, R.S., Loukas, M. (2014). Giulio Cesare Casseri (c. 1552-1616): The servant who became an anatomist. Clin Anat.; 27(5):675-80.

Housman, B., Bellary, S.S., Walters, A., Mirzayan, N., Tubbs, R.S., Loukas, M. (2014). Moritz Heinrich Romberg (1795-1873): Early founder of neurology. Clin Anat.; 27(2):147-9.

Iacob, N., Sas, I., Joseph, S.C., Ples, H., Miclaus, G.D., Matusz, P., Tubbs, R.S., Loukas, M. (2014). Anomalous pattern of origin of the left gastric, splenic and common hepatic arteries arising independently from the abdominal aorta. Rom J Morphol Embryol; 55(4) 1449-1453.

Ivanschuk, G., Cesmebasi, A., Sorenson, E.P., Blaak, C., Loukas, M., Tubbs, S.R. (2014). Amyand's hernia: a review. Med Sci Monit.; 28; 20:140-6. Joseph, S.C., Delcastilo, E., Loukas, M., Osiro, S. (2014).Common cancers in centenarians. Med Sci Monit.; 20:18-23.

Kabuusu, R., Lennon, D. (2014). Hemorrhagic Fever Epidemic in Grenada in the 18th Century: A Medical and Historical Analysis. Advances in Anthropology, 4, 119-123.

Kaya, B., Apaydin, N., Loukas, M., Tubbs, R.S. (2014).The topographic anatomy of the masseteric nerve: A cadaveric study with an emphasis on the effective zone of botulinum toxin A injections in masseter. J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg. pii: S1748-6815(14)00419-7.

Klaassen, Z., Sorenson, E., Tubbs, R.S., Arya, R., Meloy, P,. Shah, R., Shirk, S., Loukas, M. (2014). Thoracic outlet syndrome: A neurological and vascular disorder. Clin Anat.; 27(5):724-32.

Kleinerman, R., John, A., Etienne, D., Turner, B., Shoja, M.M., Tubbs, R.S., Loukas, M. (2014). Giovanni Domenico Santorini (1681-1737): a prominent physician and meticulous anatomist. Clin Anat.; 27(4):545-7.

Loukas, M., Bhatnagar, A., Arumugam, S., Smith, K., Matusz, P., Gielecki, J., Tubbs, R.S. (2014). Histologic and immunohistochemical analysis of the antiatherogenic effects of myocardial bridging in the adult human heart. Cardiovasc Pathol.; 23(4):198-203.

Loukas, M., Bilinsky, E., Bilinsky, S., Blaak, C., Tubbs, R.S., Anderson, R.H. (2014). The anatomy of the aortic root. Clin Anat.; 27(5):748-56.

Loukas, M., Cesmebasi, A., Le, D., Etienne, D., Tubbs, R.S., Anderson, R.H. (2014). Etienne-Arthur Louis Fallot and his tetralogy. Clin Anat.; 27(7):958-63.

Loukas, M., du Plessis, M., Owens, D.G., Kinsella, C.R. Jr, Litchfield, C.R., Nacar, A., Lu , O., Tubbs, R.S. (2014). The lateral thoracic artery revisited. Surg Radiol Anat.; 36(6):543-9.

Macpherson, C.C. (2014). Climate change matters. Journal of Medical Ethics, 40:4(288-290).

Macpherson, C.C., Chiochinkatmun, N., & Akpinar-Elci, M. (2014). Hospice and palliation in the English-speaking Caribbean: Attention to context. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics.23 (3): 341-348.

Mathenge, N., Osiro, S., Rodriguez, I.I., Salib, C., Tubbs, R.S., Loukas, M. (2014). Superior mesenteric artery syndrome and its associated gastrointestinal implications. Clin Anat.; 27(8):1244-52.

Mian, A., Bertino, F., Shipley, E., Shoja, M.M., Tubbs, R.S., Loukas, M. (2014). Petrus Camper: A history and overview of the clinical importance of Camper's fascia in surgical anatomy. Clin Anat.; 27(4):537-44.

Mian, A., Chaudhry, I., Huang, R., Rizk, E., Tubbs, R.S., Loukas, M. (2014). Brachial plexus anesthesia: A review of the relevant anatomy, complications, and anatomical variations. Clin Anat.; 27(2):210-21.

Mian, A., Watanabe, K., Shoja, M.M., Loukas, M., Tubbs, R.S. (2014). Guillaume Rondelet (1507-1566): Cardinal physician and anatomist who dissected his own son. Clin Anat.; 27(3):279-81.

Miclaus, G.D., Sas, I., Joseph, S.C., Matusz, P., Ples, H., Tubbs, R.S., Loukas, M. (2014). Seven renal arteries: a case report using MDCT angiography. Rom J Embryol; 55(3) 1181-1184
.
Mortazavi, M.M., Griessenauer, C.J., Adeeb, N., Deep, A., Bavarsad Shahripour, R., Loukas, M., Tubbs, R.I., Tubbs, R.S. (2014). The choroid plexus: a comprehensive review of its history, anatomy, function, histology, embryology, and surgical considerations. Childs Nerv Syst.; 30(2):205-14.

Mortazavi, M.M., Griessenauer, C.J., Krishnamurthy, S., Verma, K., Loukas, M., Tubbs, R.S. (2014). The inferior petrosal sinus: a comprehensive review with emphasis on clinical implications. Childs Nerv Syst.; 30(5):831-4.

Moxham, B.J., Standring, S., Tubbs, R.S., Loukas, M., Trelease, R.B., Tunstall, R., Lewis, T.L. (2014). 21st century anatomy teaching and learning--quo vadis? Vesalius.; 20(1):30-4.

Panchani, P.N., Chappell, T.M., Moore, G.D., Tubbs, R.S., Shoja, M.M., Loukas, M., Kozlowski, P.B., Khan, K.H., DiLandro, A.C., D'Antoni, A.V. (2014). Anatomic study of the deltoid ligament of the ankle. Foot Ankle Int.; 35(9):916-21.

Patel, S., Bhatnagar, A., Wear, C., Osiro, S., Gabriel, A., Kimball, D., John, A., Fields, P.J., Tubbs, R.S., Loukas, M. (2014). Are pediatric brain tumors on the rise in the USA? Significant incidence and survival findings from the SEER database analysis. Childs Nerv Syst.; 30(1):147-54.

Patel, S.D., Peterson, A., Bartczak, A., Lee, S., Chojnowski, S., Gajewski, P., Loukas, M. (2014). Primary cardiac angiosarcoma - a review. Med Sci Monit.; 20:103-9.

Paterson, T. E., Halliwell, R. E., Fields, P. J., Louw, M. L., Ball, G., Louw, J., et al. (2014). Canine generalized demodicosis treated with varying doses of a 2.5% moxidectin+10% imidacloprid spot-on and oral ivermectin: Parasiticidal effects and long-term treatment outcomes. Vet Parasitol, 205(3-4), 687-696.

Plaisant, O., Stephens, S., Apaydin, N., Courtois, R., Lignier, B., Loukas, M., Moxham, B. (2014). Medical students' attitudes towards science and gross anatomy, and the relationship to personality. J Anat.; 224(3):261-9.

Punnett, B.J., Holder, K., Knight, N., & Charles, R., (2014). Culture, leadership and motivation in two commonwealth Caribbean countries: One look at the African diaspora. Canadian Journal of Administrative Sciences, Volume 31 Issue 3.

Pupca, G., Miclaus, G.D., Bucuras, V., Iaocb, N., Sas, I., Matusz, P., Tubbs, R.S., Loukas, M.(2014). Left crossed fused renal ectopia L-shaped kidney type, with double nutcracker syndrome (anterior
and posterior). Rom J Morphol Embryol, 55 (3) 1237-1241.

Shah, P.D., Macpherson, C.C., Akpinar, M.E. (2014). Impacts of Undertreated Sickle Cell Pain in the Caribbean. West Indian Medical Journal (WIMJ) Open 2014; 1 (2): 63 DOI: 10.7727/wimjopen. 2014.145.

Shayota, B.J., Oelhafen, K., Shoja, M., Tubbs, R.S., Loukas, M. (2014). Abraham Colles and his contributions to anatomy. Clin Anat.; 27(5):670-4.

Shoja, M.M., Oyesiku, N.M., Griessenauer, C.J., Radcliff, V., Loukas, M., Chern, J.J., Benninger, B., Rozzelle, C.J., Shokouhi, G., Tubbs, R.S. (2014). Anastomoses between lower cranial and upper cervical nerves: a comprehensive review with potential significance during skull base and neck operations, part I: trigeminal, facial, and vestibulocochlear nerves. Clin Anat.; 27(1):118-30.

Shoja, M.M., Oyesiku, N.M., Shokouhi, G., Griessenauer, C.J., Chern, J.J., Rizk, E.B., Loukas, M., Miller, J.H., Tubbs, R.S. (2014). A comprehensive review with potential significance during skull base and neck operations, Part II: glossopharyngeal, vagus, accessory, and hypoglossal nerves and cervical spinal nerves 1-4. Clin Anat.; 27(1):131-44.

Singla, A., Sahni, D., Gupta, A.K., Loukas, M., Aggarwal, A.(2014). Surgical anatomy of round window and its implications for cochlear implantation. Clin Anat.; 27(3):331-6.

Snosek, M., Tubbs, R.S., Loukas, M.(2014). Sternalis muscle, what every anatomist and clinician should know. Clin Anat.; 27(6):866-84.

Song, Y.B., Watanabe, K., Hogan, E., D'Antoni, A.V., Dilandro, A.C., Apaydin, N., Loukas, M., Shoja, M.M., Tubbs, R.S. (2014). The fibular collateral ligament of the knee: A detailed review. Clin Anat.; 27(5):789-97.

Spentzouris, G., Zandian, A., Cesmebasi, A., Kinsella, C.R., Muhleman, M.,
Mirzayan, N., Shirak, M., Tubbs, R.S., Shaffer, K., Loukas, M. (2014) The clinical anatomy of the inferior vena cava: A review of common congenital anomalies and considerations for clinicians. Clin Anat; 27(8):1234-43.

Sylvester, W.R.B., Amadi, V., Hegamin-Younger, C., Pinckney, R., Macpherson, C., McKibben, J., Bruhl-Day, R., John-Sylvester, K.D., Hariharan, H. (2014). Occurrence of antibiotic resistant Escherichia coli in green iguanas (Iguana iguana) in Grenada, West Indies. International Journal of Veterinary Medicine: Research & Reports, Vol. 2014 (2014), Article ID 260412, DOI: 10.5171/2014.260412.

Tubbs, R.S., Benninger, B., Loukas, M., Cohen-Gadol, A.A. (2014). The nerve of McKenzie: anatomic study with application to intradural rhizotomy for spasmodic torticollis. Br J Neurosurg; 28(5):650-2.

Tubbs, R.S., Benninger, B., Loukas, M., Cohen-Gadol, A.A. (2014).Cranial roots of the accessory nerve exist in the majority of adult humans. Clin Anat.; 27(1):102-7.

Tubbs, R.S., Griessenauer, C., Loukas, M., Ansari, S.F., Fritsch, M.H., Cohen-Gadol, A.A. (2014). Trautmann's triangle anatomy with application to posterior transpetrosal and other related skull base procedures. Clin Anat.; 27(7):994-8.

Tubbs, R.S., Griessenauer, C., Loukas, M., Cohen-Gadol, A.A. (2014). The Circular Sinus: An Anatomic Study with Neurosurgical and Neurointerventional Applications. World Neurosurg., 82(3-4):e475-e478.

Tubbs, R.S., Griessenauer, C.J., Hogan, E., Loukas, M., Cohen-Gadol, A.A. (2014). Neural interconnections between portio minor and portio major at the porus trigeminus: application to failed surgical treatment of trigeminal neuralgia. Clin Anat.; 27(1):94-6.

Tubbs, R.S., Oakes, P., Maran, I.S., Salib, C., Loukas, M. (2014). The foramen of Monro: a review of its anatomy, history, pathology, and surgery. Childs Nerv Syst.; 30(10):1645-9.

Tubbs, R.S., Padmalayam, D., Shoja, M.M., Loukas, M. (2014). Heinrich August Wrisberg (1736-1808): physician and anatomist. Clin Anat.; 27(1):10-3.

Tubbs, R.S., Sharma, A., Loukas, M., Cohen-Gadol, A.A. (2014). Ossification of the petrosphenoidal ligament: unusual variation with the potential for abducens nerve entrapment in Dorello's canal at the skull base. Surg Radiol Anat.; 36(3):303-5.

Tubbs, R.S., Sorenson, E.P., Sharma, A., Benninger, B., Norton, N., Loukas, M., Moxham, B.J. (2014). The development of a core syllabus for the teaching of head and neck anatomy to medical students. Clin Anat.; 27(3):321-30.

Tubbs, R.S., Sorenson, E.P., Watanabe, K., Loukas, M., Hattab, E., Cohen-Gadol, A.A. (2014). Histologic confirmation of neuronal cell bodies along the spinal accessory nerve. Br J Neurosurg.; 28(6):746-9.

Tubbs, R.S., Veith, P., Griessenauer, C.J., Loukas, M., Cohen-Gadol, A.A. (2014). A new segment of the trochlear nerve: cadaveric study with application to skull base surgery. J Neurol Surg B Skull Base.; 75(1):8-10.

Tubbs, R.S., Watanabe, K., Loukas, M., Cohen-Gadol, A.A. (2014). Anatomy of the inferior petro-occipital vein and its relation to the base of the skull: Application to surgical and endovascular procedures of the skull base. Clin Anat.; 27(5):698-701.

Tubbs, R.S., Watanabe, K., Loukas, M., Cohen-Gadol, A.A. (2014).The intramuscular course of the greater occipital nerve: Novel findings with potential implications for operative interventions and occipitalneuralgia Surgical Neurology International 2014 5 Article Number 143743.

Waechter, R. & Wekerle, C. (2014). Promoting resilience among at-risk and child welfare youth using yoga, meditation, tai chi and qigong: A scoping review of the literature. Child and Adolescent Social WorkJournal. DOI 10.1007/s10560-014-0356-2.

Walters, A., Cassidy, L., Muhleman, M., Peterson, A., Blaak, C., Loukas, M. (2014). Pneumomediastinum and the aortic nipple: The clinical relevance of the left superior intercostal vein. Clin Anat.; 27(5):757-63.

Wood, H., Drebot, M.A., Dewailly, E., Dillon, L., Dimitrova, K., Forde, M., Grolla, A., Lee, E., Loftis, A., Makowski, K., Morrison, K., Robertson, L., Krecek, R.C. (2014).Short report: Seroprevalence of seven zoonotic pathogens in pregnant women from the Caribbean American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene; 91:3(642-644).

Wooten, C., Hayat, M., du Plessis, M., Cesmebasi, A., Koesterer, M., Daly, K.P., Matusz, P., Tubbs, R.S., Loukas, M. (2014). Anatomical significance in aortoiliac occlusive disease. Clin Anat; 27(8):1264-74.

Wooten, C., Patel, S., Cassidy, L., Watanabe, K., Matusz, P., Tubbs, R.S., Loukas, M. (2014).Variations of the tracheobronchial tree: Anatomical and clinical significance. Clin Anat.; 27(8):1223-33.

Zandian, A., Clarke, P., Tubbs, R.S., Loukas, M. (2014). A partially ossified falx cerebri. Folia Morphol (Warsz); 73(3):363-5.

Zandian, A., Haffner, M., Johnson, J., Rozzelle, C.J., Tubbs, R.S., Loukas, M. (2014). Endoscopic thirdventriculostomy with/without choroid plexus cauterization for hydrocephalus due to hemorrhage, infection, Dandy-Walker malformation, and neural tube defect: a meta-analysis. Childs Nerv Syst.; 30(4):571-8.

Zandian, A., Osiro, S., Hudson, R., Ali, I.M., Matusz, P., Tubbs, S.R., Loukas, M. (2014). Theneurologist's dilemma: a comprehensive clinical review of Bell's palsy, with emphasis on current trends. Med Sci Monit.; 20:83-90.

2013

Adeeb, N., Deep, A., Griessenauer, C.J., Mortazavi, M.M., Watanabe, K., Loukas, M., Tubbs, R.S., Cohen-Gadol, A.A. (2013). The intracranial arachnoid mater : a comprehensive review of its history, anatomy, imaging, and pathology. Childs Nervous System, 29(1), 17-33.

Adeeb, N., Mortazavi, M.M., Deep, A., Griessenauer, C.J., Watanabe, K., Shoja, M.M., Loukas, M., Tubbs, R.S. (2013). The pia mater: a comprehensive review of literature. Childs NervousSystem, 29(10), 1803
-1810.

Agutter, P.S., Shoja, M.M., Tubbs, R.S., Rashidi, M.R., Khalili, M., Hosseini, S.F., Ghabili, K., Cohen-Gadol, A.A.,
Loukas, M. (2013). Hysterical paralysis and premature burial: a medieval Persian case, fear and fascination in theWest, and modern practice. Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine, 20(3), 133-135.

Akpinar-Elci, M., White, S.K., Siegel, P.D., Park, J.-H., Visotcky, A., Kreiss, K., Cox-Ganser, J.M. (2013). Markers of
upper airway inflammation associated with microbial exposure and symptoms in occupants of a water-damaged
building. American Journal of Industrial Medicine, 56:(5), 522-530.

Amuleru-Marshall, O. & Amuleru-Marshall, Z. (2013). The perspective of psychologists in Grenada. The Journal of Black Psychology, 39(3), 321-323.

Anderson, R.H., Spicer, D.E., Hlavacek, A.J., Hill, A., Loukas, M. (2013). Describing the cardiac components
--attitudinally appropriate nomenclature. Journal of Cardiovascular Translational Research, 6(2), 118
-123.

Apaydin, N., Kendir, S., Loukas, M., Tubbs, R.S., Bozkurt, M. (2013). Surgical anatomy of the superior gluteal nerve and landmarks for its localization during minimally invasive approaches to the hip. Clinical Anatomy, 26(5), 614-620.

Bellary, S.S., Steinberg, A., Mirzayan, N., Shirak, M., Tubbs, R.S., Cohen-Gadol, A.A., Loukas, M. (2013). Wormian
bones: A review. Clinical Anatomy, 26(8), 922-927.

Bosmia, A., Watanabe, K., Shoja, M.M., Loukas, M., Tubbs, R.S. (2013). Michael Servetus (1511-1553): physician and heretic who described the pulmonary circulation. International Journal of Cardiology, 167(2), 318-321.

Chou, J., Walters, A., Hage, R., Zurada, A., Michalak, M., Tubbs, R.S., Loukas, M. (2013). Thyroglossal duct cysts: anatomy, embryology and treatment. Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy, 35(10), 875-881.

Erolin, C., Shoja, M.M., Loukas, M., Shokouhi, G., Rashidi, M.R., Khalili, M., Tubbs, R.S. (2013).What did Avicenna (Ibn Sina, 980-1037A.D.) look like? International Journal of Cardiology, 167(5),1660-1663.

Fakoya, F.A. (2013). Integrating ultrasound technology into teaching gross anatomy: point of order! Medical Education Online. DOI 2013;18:20888

Ferguson, H.W., Kabuusu, R., Lince, J.A., Beltran, S., Reyes, E. & del Pozo (2013). Hepatic syncitial disease of farmed tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus L): a case report. Journal of Fish Diseases(Published Online). DOI: 10.1111/jfd.12142

Foreman, P., Griessenauer, C.J., Watanabe, K., Conklin, M., Shoja, M.M., Rozzelle, C.J., Loukas, M., Tubbs, R.S. (2013). L5 spondylolysis/spondylolisthesis: a comprehensive review with an anatomic focus. Childs Nervous System, 29(2), 209-216.

Glasgow, L., Forde, M., antoine, S., Perez, E., Indar, L. (2013). Estimating the burden of acute gastrointestinal illness in Grenada. Journal of Health Population & Nutrition, 31(4) Suppl 1:S17-S29, ISSN 1606-0997.
Griessenauer, C.J., Loukas, M., Scott, J.A.,

Tubbs, R.S., Cohen-Gadol, A.A. (2013). The artery of Davidoff and Schechter: an anatomical study with neurosurgical case correlates. British Journal of Neurosurgery, 27(6), 815-818.

Griessenauer, C.J., Mortazavi, M.M., Loukas, M., Shoja, M.M., Watanabe, K., Tubbs, R.S. (2013). Heinrich Bircher (1850-1923) and the first description of a surgical approach to the cavernous sinus. Childs Nervous System, 29(10), 1923-1925.

Griessenauer, C.J., Veith, P., Mortazavi, M.M., Stewart, C., Grochowsky, A., Loukas, M., Tubbs, R.S. (2013). Enlarged parietal foramina: a review of genetics, prognosis, radiology, and treatment. Childs Nervous System, 29(4), 543-547.

Herbers, M., Hariharan, H., Matthew, V., Oliveira, S., Rovira, A., Sharma, R.N. and Ferguson, H.W. (2013). Photobacterium damselaein bigeye scad,Selar crumenophthalmus(Bloch, 1793) from Grenada, West Indies. Journal of Fish diseases. doi:10.1111/jfd. 12149.

Igboechi, C., Vaddiparti, A., Sorenson, E.P., Rozzelle, C.J., Tubbs, R.S., Loukas, M. (2013). Tectal plate gliomas: a review. Childs Nervous System, 29(10),1827-1833.

Kabuusu R, Alexander R, Kabuusu A, Muwanga SN, Atimnedi P, Macpherson C. Effect of a wildlife-livestock interface on the prevalence of intra-erythrocytic hemoparasites in cattle. Open Journal of Veterinary Medicine, 3(8), 315-318.

Louis, R.G. Jr, Tubbs, R.S., Mortazavi, M.M., Shoja, M.M., Loukas, M., Cohen-Gadol, A.A. (2013). Harvest of autologous clavipectoral fascia for use in duraplasty: cadaveric feasibility study. Journal of Craniofacial Surgery, 24(2), 619-621.

Loukas,   M.,   Bellary,   S.S.,   Yüzbaşioğlu,   N.,  Shoja, M.M., Tubbs, R.S., Spinner, R.J. (2013). Ulnar nerveinnervation of the medial head of the triceps brachii
muscle: A cadaveric study. Clinical Anatomy, 26(8), 1028-1030.

Loukas, M., Housman, B., Blaak, C., Kralovic, S., Tubbs, R.S., Anderson, R.H. (2013. Double
-chambered right ventricle: a review. Cardiovascular Pathology, 22(6), 417-423.

Loukas, M., Hulsberg, P., Tubbs, R.S., Kapos, T., Wartmann, C.T., Shaffer, K., Moxham, B.J. (2013). The tori of the mouth and ear: A review. Clinical Anatomy, 26(8), 953-960.

Loukas, M., Sharma, A., Blaak, C., Sorenson, E., Mian, A. (2013). The clinical anatomy of the coronary arteries. Journal of Cardiovascular Translational Research, 6(2),197-207.

Macpherson, C., Akpinar-Elci, M. (2013). Impacts of climate change on Caribbean life. American Journal of Public Health, 103(1):e6. doi: 10.2105/AJPH.2012.301095

Macpherson, C.C. (2013). Climate change is a bioethics problem. Bioethics27(6), 305-308 (Published Online).doi:10.1111/bioe.12029.

Macpherson, C.C. (2013). Climate change matters. Journal of Medical Ethics. (Published Online) .doi: 10.1136/medethics-2012-101084.

Macpherson, C.N.L. (2013). Dogs, Zoonoses and Human Health: A global perspective –Mini Review. CAB Reviews, 8: 1-2.

Macpherson, C.N.L. (2013). Epidemiology and Public Health importance of toxocariasis: a zoonosis of global importance. In: (Eds), Special Issue on Zoonoses. International Journal for Parasitology
, 43(12-13), 999-1008.

Malenfant, J., Walters, A., Kralovic, S., Robitaille, M., Schaefer, J., Tubbs, R.S., Loukas, M. (2013). Francesco Parona (1842-1908) and his contributions to our understanding of surgery through anatomy. Clinical Anatomy, 26(5), 547-550.

Martin, S., Hogan, E., Sorenson, E.P., Cohen-Gadol, A.A., Tubbs, R.S., Loukas, M. (2013). Proboscis lateralis. Childs Nervous System, 29(6), 885-891.

Matusz, P., Iacob, N., Miclaus, G.D., Pureca, A., Ples, H., Loukas, M., Tubbs, R.S. (2013). An unusual origin of the celiac trunk and the superior mesenteric artery in the thorax. Clinical Anatomy, 26(8), 975-979.

Mian, A., Shoja, M.M., Watanabe, K., Rozzelle, C.J., Loukas, M., Tubbs, R.S. (2013). Robert Liston (1794-1847): surgical anatomist and resurrectionist with an interest in hydrocephalus. Childs Nervous System, 29(1),1-4.

Oelhafen, K., Shayota, B.J., Muhleman, M., Klaassen, Z., Tubbs, R.S., Loukas, M. (2013). Benjamin Alcock (1801-?) and his canal. Clinical Anatomy, 26(6), 662-666.

Osiro, S., Rodriguez, J.R., Tiwari, K.J., Rodriguez, I.I., Mathenge, N., Tubbs, R.S., Loukas, M. (2013). Is preoperative diagnosis possible? A clinical and radiological review of lymphoepithelial cysts of the pancreas. Journal of the Pancreas, 14(1):15-20.

Osiro, S., Tiwari, K.J., Mathenge, N., Rodriguez, J.R., Tubbs, R.S., Loukas, M. (2013). When lithium hurts: a look at Ebstein anomaly. Cardiology in Review, 21(5), 257-263.

Padmalayam, D., Tubbs, R.S., Loukas, M., Cohen-Gadol, A.A. (2013). Absence of the sagittal suture does not result in scaphocephaly. Childs Nervous System, 29(4),673-677.

Sammy, I., Watson, H., William-Johnson, J., Paul, J., Dookeeram, D., Dookeeram, D., Bidaisee, S. (2013). Implementation of emergency training in the Caribbean: challenges, success and scope for the future. Paper presented at Commonwealth Medical Association  “Unlocking  the  Potential  of  the  Commonwealth”  (Trinidad  and Tobago Medical Association): Trinidad and Tobago July 4th 2013. Caribbean Medical Journal June 2013; 75(1):83

Shoja, M.M., Benninger, B., Agutter, P., Loukas, M., Tubbs, R.S. (2013). A historical perspective: infection from
cadaveric dissection from the 18th to 20th centuries. Clinical Anatomy, 26(2), 154-160.

Shoja, M.M., Mortazavi, M.M., Malakpour, M., Loukas, M., Rozzelle, C.J., Tubbs, R.S. (2013). Andrew Fyfe the elder
(1752(4)-1824): not all good anatomists are good teachers. Clinical Anatomy, 26(4), 418-422.

Shoja, M.M., Sharma, A., Mirzayan, N., Groat, C., Watanabe, K., Loukas, M., Tubbs, R.S. (2013). Neuroanatomy of the female abdominopelvic region: A review with application to pelvic pain syndromes. Clinical Anatomy, 26(1), 66-76.

Solomon, R., Giganti, M.J., Weiner, A., Akpinar-Elci, M. (2013). Water safety education among primary school children in Grenada. International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion, 20(3), 266-270.

Sorenson, E.P., Powel, J.E., Rozzelle, C.J., Tubbs, R.S., Loukas, M. (2013). Scalp dermoids: a review of their anatomy, diagnosis, and treatment. Childs Nervous System, 29(3), 375-380.

Swergold, N., Sridharan, P., Loukas, M., Chamberlain, R.S. (2013). Advances in the Management of Pectus Deformities in Children. Open Journal of Pediatrics, 3, 211-223.

Sylvester, W. R. B., Amadi, V., Pinckney, R., Macpherson, C.N.L., McKibben, J.S., Bruhl-Day, R., Johnson, R., and Hariharan, H. (2013). Prevalence, serovars, and antimicrobial susceptibility of Salmonellaspp. from wild and domestic green iguanas (Iguana iguana) in Grenada, West Indies. Journal of Zoonoses and Public Health. doi: 10.1111/zph.12093

Tirumandas, M., Sharma, A., Gbenimacho, I., Shoja, M.M., Tubbs, R.S., Oakes, W.J., Loukas, M. (2013). Nasal
encephaloceles: a review of etiology, pathophysiology, clinical presentations, diagnosis, treatment, and complications. Childs Nervous System, 29(5),739-744.

Tubbs, R.S., Bosmia, A.N., Loukas, M., Hattab, E.M,, Cohen-Gadol, A.A.(2013). The inferior medullary velum: anatomical study and neurosurgical relevance. Journal ofNeurosurgery, 118(2), 315-318.

Tubbs, R.S., Cezayirli, P., Blackerby, W.T., Shoja, M.M., Loukas, M., Oakes, W.J. (2013). Govert Bidloo (1649-1713) and the first description of lipomyelomeningocele. Childs Nervous System, 29(8), 1219-1221.

Tubbs, R.S., Chern, J.J., Muhleman, M., Loukas, M., Shoja, M.M., Oakes, W.J. (2013). Lateral compression of the foramen magnum with the Chiari I malformation: case illustrations. Childs Nervous System, 29(3), 495-498.

Tubbs, R.S., Griessenauer, C., Loukas, M., Cohen-Gadol, A.A. (2013). The Circular Sinus: An Anatomic Study with
Neurosurgical and Neurointerventional Applications. World Neurosurgery, S1878-8750(12)01341-1.

Tubbs, R.S., Nechtman, C., D'Antoni, A.V., Shoja, M.M., Mortazavi, M.M., Loukas, M., Rozzelle, C.J., Spinner, R.J. (2013). Ossification of the suprascapular ligament: A risk factor for suprascapular nerve compression? International Journal of Shoulder Surgery, 7(1), 19-22.

Tubbs, R.S., Prekupec, M., Loukas, M., Hattab, E.M., Cohen-Gadol, A.A. (2013). The indusium griseum: anatomic study with potential application to callosotomy. Neurosurgery, 73(2), 312-315; discussion 316

Tubbs, R.S., Sharma, A., Griessenauer, C., Loukas, M., Shoja, M.M., Watanabe, K., Oakes, W.J. (2013). Kleeblattschädel skull: a review of its history, diagnosis, associations, and treatment. Childs Nervous System, 29(5), 745-748.

Tubbs, R.S., Watanabe, K., Loukas, M., Cohen-Gadol, A.A. (2013). Use of the anterior interosseous artery for external to internal carotid artery
bypass procedures: a cadaveric feasibility study. British Journal of Neurosurgery, 27(6), 791-794.

Waechter, R.L., Goel, V., Raymont, V., Kruger, F., Grafman, J., 2013. Transitive inference reasoning is impaired by focal lesions in parietal cortex rather than rostrolateral prefrontal cortex. Neuropsychologia, 51(3), 464-471.

Watson, C.C., Griessenauer, C.J., Loukas, M., Blount, J.P., Tubbs, R.S. (2013). William Watson Cheyne (1852-1932): a life in medicine and his innovative surgical treatment of congenital hydrocephalus. Childs Nervous System, 29(11),1961-1965.

2012

Abbasnejad, F., Shoja, M. M., Agutter, P. S., Alakbarli, F., Loukas, M., Shokouhi, G., Khalili, M., Tubbs,
R.S. (2012). Rabi Rashidi (Rashidi Quarters): a late thirteen to early fourteenth century Middle Eastern Medical School. Childs Nervous System, 28(11), 1823-1830.

Aire, T. A., Ozegbe, P.C. (2012). Components and developments of the centriolar complex during and beyond spermiogenesis in a passerine bird, the masked weaver (Ploceus velatus). Tissue and Cell, 44, 63-67.

Bellary, S. S., Waleters, A., Gielecki, J., Shoja, M.M., Tubbs, R.S, Loukas, M. (2012). Jacob B.
Winslow (1669-1760). Clinical Anatomy, 25(5), 545-547.

Bellary, S. S., Lynch, G., Housman, B., Esmaeili, E., Gielecki, J., Tubbs, R.S., Loukas, M. (2012). Medial plica syndrome: a review of the literature. Clinical Anatomy, 25(4), 423-428.

Brick, T. A., Schuenemann, G.M., Bas, S., Daniels , J.B., Pinto, C.R., Rings, D.M., Rajala-Schultz, P.J. (2012). Effect of intrauterine dextrose or antibiotic therapy on reproductive performance of lactating dairy cows diagnosed with clinical endometritis. Journal of Dairy Science (Online).

Butler, C. M., Sloet van Oldruitenborgh-Oosterbaan, M.M., Stout, T.A., van der Kolk, J.H., Wollenberg, Lv., Nielen, M., Jongejan, F., Werners, A.H., Houwers, D.J. (2012). Prevalence of the causative agents of equine piroplasmosis in the southwest of The Netherlands and the identification of two autochthonous clinical Theileria equi infections. Veterinary Journal, 193(2), 381-385.

Cassidy, L., Walters, A., Bubb, K., Shoja, M.M., Tubbs, R.S., Loukas, M. (2012). Piriformis syndrome: implications of anatomical variations, diagnostic techniques, and treatment options. Surgical Radiological Anatomy, 34(6), 479-486.

Chikweto, A., Bhaiyat, M.I., Tiwari, K. P., de Allie, C., Sharma, R. N. (2012). Spirocercosis in owned and stray dogs in Grenada. Veterinary Parasitology, 190(3-4), 613-616.

Chikweto, A., McNeil,P., Bhaiyat, M.I., Stone, D., Sharma, R.N. (2012). Neoplastic and non-neoplastic
cutaneous tumors of dogs in Grenada. ISRN Veterinary Science (Online).

Dean, C., Etienne, D., Hindson, D., Matusz, P., Tubbs, R.S., Loukas, M. (2012). Pectus excavatum (funnel chest): a historical and current prospective. Surgical Radiological Anatomy, 34(7), 573-579.

Dean, C., Etienne, D., Carpentier, B., Gielecki, J., Tubbs, R.S., Loukas, M. (2012). Hiatal hernias. Surgical Radiological Anatomy, 34(4), 291-299.
Delannoy, C. M. J., Zadoks, R. N., Lainson, F. A., Ferguson, H. W., Crumlish, M., Turnbull, J. R., Fontaine, M.C.(2012). Genome Announcement: Draft genome sequence of a nonhaemolytic fish-pathogenic Streptococcus agalactiae strain. Journal of Bacteriology, 194(22), 6341-6342.

Dewailly, E., Rouja, P., Forde, M., Peek-Ball, C., Côté, S., Smith, E., Drescher, O., Robertson, L. (2012).
Evaluation of a Public Health Intervention to Lower Mercury Exposure from Fish Consumption in Bermuda. PLOS ONE, 7(10).

Ditty, B., Shoja, M. M., Tubbs, R. S., Loukas, M. (2012). The mendosal
suture. Clinical Anatomy, 25(4), 521-523.

Etienne, D., John, A., Menias, C. O., Ward, R., Tubbs, R. S., Loukas, M. (2012). Annular pancreas: a review of its molecular embryology, genetic basis and clinical considerations. Annals of Anatomy, 194(5),422-428.

Etienne, D., Zurada, A., Matusz, P., Shoja, M.M., Tubbs, R.S., Loukas, M. (2012). James Watson Kernohan (1896-1981): Frontiers in neuropathology. Clinical Anatomy, 25(4), 527-529.

Gibson-Kueh, S., Chee, D., Chen, J., Wang, Y. H., Tay, S., Leong, L. N., Ng, M. L., Jones, J. B., Nicholls, P. K., Ferguson, H. W. (2012). The pathology of 'scale drop syndrome" in Asian seabass. Lates calcarifer Bolch, a first description. Journal of Fish Diseases, 35:(1), 19-27.

Griessenauer, C. J., Shoja, M. M., Loukas, M., Tubbs, R. S. (2012). The value of hyperbaric oxygen therapy in postoperative care of subarachnoid hemorrhage. Medical Gas Reseasrch, 2(1), 29.

Herath, T. K., Ferguson, H.W., Thompson, K., Adams, A., Richards, R. H. (2012). Ultrastructural morphogenesis of salmonid alphavirus. Journal of Fish Diseases, 35(11), 799-808.

Iregui, C. A., Guarín, M., Tibatá, V. M. & Ferguson, H. W. (2012). Novel brain lesions caused by
Edwardsiella tarda in a red tilapia: case report. Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation, 24(2), 446-449.

John, A., Etienne, D., Klaassen, Z., Shoja, M. M., Tubbs, R. S., Loukas, M. (2012). Variations in the locations of the recurrent laryngeal nerve in relation to the ligament of Berry. The American Journal of Surgery, 78(9), 947-951.

Klaassen, Z., Choi, M., Musselman, R., Eapen, D., Tubbs, R. S., Loukas, M. (2012). A review of supernumerary and absent limbs and digits of the upper limb. Surgical Radiological Anatomy, 34(2), 101-106.

Kuipers von Lande, R. G., Worth, A. J., Guerrero, T. G., Owen, M. C., Hartman, A. (2012). Comparison between a novel bovine xenograft and an autogenesis cancellous bone graft in the tibial tuberosity advancement procedure. Veterinary Surgery, 41(5), 559-567.

Lenz, R., Moore, G. D., Panchani, P. N., Dilandro, A. C., Battaglia, F., Tubbs, R. S., Shoja, M. M., Loukas, M., Kozlowski, P. B., D'Antoni, A. V.,. (2012). The transverse occipital ligament: an anatomic, histologic,and radiographic study. The Spine Journal, 12(7), 596-602.

Loukas, M., Walters, A., Boon, J. M, Welch, T. P., Meiring, J. H, Abrahams, P. H. (2012). Pericardiocentesis: A Clinical Anatomy Review. Clinical Anatomy, 25(7), 872-881.

Loukas, M., Tubbs, S. (2012). Gene L. Colborn (1935-2011). Clinical Anatomy, 25(6), 793-794.

Loukas, M., El-Zammar, D., Tubbs, R. S., Birungi, J., Jacob, J., Shoja, M. M., Anderson, R. H. (2012).
Intervenous tubercle of lower: true tubercle or normal interatrial fold? Clinical Anatomy,25(6), 729-736.

Macpherson, C., Akpinar-Elci, M. (2012). Impact of Climate change on Caribbean life. American Journal of Public Health, 103(1). Macpherson, C. C. (2012). Teaching professionalism in science courses: Anatomy to zoology. Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences, 28(2), 8-12.

Matusz, P., Miclaus, G. D., Ples, H., Tubbs, R. S., Loukas, M. (2012). Absence of the celiac trunk: case report using MDCT angiography. Surgical Radiological Anatomy, 34(10), 959-963.

McClugage, S. G., Watanabe, K., Shoja, M. M., Loukas, M., Tubbs, R. S., Oakes, W. J. (2012). The history of the surgical repair of spina bifida. Childs Nervous System, 28(10), 1693-1700.

Medl, N., Guerrero, T. G., Holzle, L., Haessig, M., Montavon, P. M. (2012). Intraoperative contamination of the suction tip in clean orthopedic surgeries in dogs and cats. Veterinary Surgery, 41(2), 254-260.

Miclaus, G. D., Matusz, P., Loukas , M., Ples, H. (2012). Rare case of the trunk of the inferior phrenic arteries originating froma common stem with a superior additional left renal artery from the abdominal aorta. Clinical Anatomy, 25(8), 979-982.

Mortazavi, M. M., Tubbs, R. S., Riech, S., Verma, K., Shoja, M. M., Zurada, A., Benninger, B., Loukas, M., Cohen-Gadol, A. A. (2012). Anatomy and pathology of the cranial emissary veins: a review with surgical implications. Neurosurgery, 70(5), 1312-1318; discussion 1318-1319.

Muhleman, M., Charran, O., Matusz, P., Shoja, M. M., Tubbs, R. S., Loukas, M. (2012). The proatlas: a comprehensive review with clinical implications. Childs Nervous System, 28(3), 349-356.

Muhleman, M. A., Wartmann, C. T., Hage, R., Matusz, P., Shoja, M. M., Tubbs, R. S., Loukas, M. (2012). A review of the tragal pointer: anatomy and its importance as a landmark in surgical procedures. Folia Morphologica, 71(2), 59-64.

Murthy, V., Chamberlain, R.S. (2012). Defining a Place for Nipple Sparing Mastectomy in Modern Breast Care: An Evidence-based Review. Breast Journal (Online). Oelhafen, K., Shayota, B.J., Muhleman,

M., Klaassen, Z., Shoja, M.M., Tubbs, R.S., Loukas, M. (2012). Peritoneal bands: a review of anatomical distribution and clinical implications. The American Journal of Surgery, 78(4), 377-384.

Osiro, S., Tiwari, K. J., Matusz, P., Gielecki, J., Tubbs, R. S, Loukas, M. (2012). August Forel (1848-1931): A Look at his Life and Work. Childs Nervous System, 28(1), 1-5. Osiro, S., Wear, C., Hudson, R.,

Ma, X. X., Zurada, A., Michalak, M., Loukas, M. (2012). A friend to the airways: a review of the emerging clinical importance of the bronchial arterial circulation. Surgical Radiological Anatomy, 34(9), 791-798.

Osiro, S., Downs, E., Grater, J., Loukas, M. (2012). Francis Sibson (1814-1876): the unsung hero of modern surgery and anesthesia. World Journal of Surgery, 36(8), 1993-1997.

Osiro, S., Tiwari, K.J., Matusz, P., Gielecki, J., Tubbs, R. S., Loukas, M. (2012). Grisel's syndrome: a comprehensive review with focus on pathogenesis, natural history, and current treatment options. Childs Nervous System, 28(6), 821-825.

Osiro, S., Zurada, A., Gielecki, J., Shoja, M. M., Tubbs, R. S., Loukas, M. (2012). A review of subclavian steal syndrome with clinical correlation. Medical Science Monitor, 18(5), RA57-63.

Osiro, S. B., Cunningham, D., Shoja, M. M., Tubbs, R. S., Gielecki, J., Loukas, M. (2012). The twisted
colon: a review of sigmoid volvulus. American Journal of Surgery, 78(3), 271-279.

Ozegbe, P. C., Aire, T. A., Deokar, M. S. (2012). The cytoskeleton proteins in the contractile tissues of the testis and its excurrent ducts of the passerine bird, Masked Weaver (Ploceus velatus). Tissue and Cell,
44(1), 22-31.

Pinkerton, K., Rom, W., Akpinar-Elci, M., Bayram, H., Brandli, O., Hollingsworth, J., Kinney, P., Margolis, H., Martin, W., Smith, K., Takaro, T., Upahyay, D., Wegman, L. (2012). An Official American Thoracic Society Workshop Report: Climate Change and Human Health. Proceedings of the American Thoracic Society, 9(1), 3-8.

Piras, A., Guerrero, T. G. (2012). Minimally invasive repair of meta-bones. Veterinary Clinics of North America: Small Animal Practice, 42(5), 1045-1050.

Porzionato, A., Macchi, V., Stecco, C., Loukas, M., Tubbs, R. S., De Caro, R. (2012). Surgical Anatomy of the pectoral nerves and the pectoral musculature. Clinical Anatomy, 25(5), 559-575.

Rooney, J., Bourne-Yearwood, K., McGill, F., & McCann, T. J. (2012). The introduction of a simulation
laboratory to preclinical students at St. George's University in Grenada. Caribbean Medical Journal, 74,11-15.

Shoja, M. M., Agutter,P. S., Loukas, M., Shokouhi, G., Khalili, M., Farhoudi, M., Tubbs, R. S. (2012). Cranioplasty in medieval Persia and the potential spread of this knowledge to Europe. Childs Nervous System, 28, 1993-1996.

Shoja, M. M., Loukas, M., Tubbs, R. S., D'Antoni, A., DiLandro, A., Curé, J.K. (2012). An aberrant cerebellar artery originating from the internal carotid artery. Surgical Radiological Anatomy, 34(3), 285-288.

Shoja, M. M., Harris, A., Shoshani, Y., Siesky, B,, Primus, S., Loukas, M., Tubbs, R. S. (2012). Central retinal artery originating from the temporal short posterior ciliary artery associated with intraorbital external-to-internal carotid arterial anastomoses. Surgical Radiological Anatomy, 34(2), 187-189.

Singh, N., Bixby, C., Etienne, D., Tubbs, R. S., Loukas, M. (2012). Alexander's disease: reassessment
of a neonatal form. Childs Nervous System, 28(12), 2029-2031.

Solomon, R., Giganti, M., Weiner, A., Akpinar-Elci, M. (2012). Water safety education among primary school children in Grenada. International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion (Online).

Stone, D. M., Kumthekar, S.M., Chikweto, A., Thomas, D., Tiwari, K., Sharma, R.N. (2012). Exposure to zoonotic abortifacients among sheep and goats in Grenada. International Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances, 4(2), 113-118.

Stuart, K., & Soulsby, E. J. L. (2012). Reducing global health inequities, part 1. Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine, 104, 321-326. Stuart, K., & Soulsby, E. J. L. (2012). Reducing global health inequities, part 2: Myriad challenges. Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine, 104, 401-404.

Stuart, K., & Soulsby, E. J. L. (2012). Reducing global health inequities, part 3: Collaboration and funding. Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine(104), 442-448.

Tubbs, R. S., Shoja, M.M., Loukas, M., Carmichael, S.W. (2012). Oliver Wendell Holmes, Sr. (1809-1894): Physician, jurist, poet, inventor, pioneer, and anatomist. Clinical Anatomy, 25(8), 992-997.

Tubbs, R. S., Mortazavi, M. M., Shoja, M. M., Loukas, M., Cohen-Gadol, A. A. (2012). The zygomaticotemporal nerve and its relevance to neurosurgery. World Neurosurgery, 78(5), 515-518.

Tubbs, R. S., Muhleman, M., McClugage, S. G., Loukas, M., Miller, J. H., Chern, J. J., Rozzelle, C.J., Oakes, W.J., Cohen-Gadol, A.A. (2012). Progressive symptomatic increase in the size of choroidal fissure
cysts. Journal of Neurosurgery: Pediatrics, 10(4), 306-309.

Tubbs, R. S., Nguyen, H. S., Loukas, M., Cohen-Gadol, A. A. (2012). Anatomic study of the lamina terminalis: neurosurgical relevance in approaching lesions within and around the third ventricle. Childs Nervous System, 28(8), 1149-1156.

Tubbs, R. S., Steck, D. T., Mortazavi, M. M., Shoja, M. M., Loukas, M., Cohen-Gadol, A. A. (2012). Giovanni Battista Morgagni (1682-1771): his anatomic majesty's contributions to the neurosciences. Childs Nervous System, 28(7), 1099-1102.

Tubbs, R. S., Louis, R. G. Jr., Song, Y. B., Mortazavi, M., Loukas, M., Shoja, M. M., Cohen-Gadol, A. A. (2012). External landmarks for identifying the drainage site of the vein of Labbé: application to neurosurgical procedures. British Journal of Neurosurgery, 26(3), 383-385.

Tubbs, R. S., Song, Y. B., Loukas, M., Shoja, M. M., Gadol, A. A. (2012). Wilhelm Fabricius von Hilden (Guilhelmus Fabricius Hildanus) 1560-1634: Pioneer of early neurosurgery. Childs Nervous System, 28(5), 657-659.

Tubbs, R. S., Muhleman, M., Loukas, M., Oakes, W. J. (2012). Chiari I malformation and syringomyelia in
a child following a lightning strike. Childs Nervous System, 28(5), 751-753.

Tubbs, R. S., Muhleman, M., Miller, J., Shoja, M.M., Loukas, M., Wellons, J. C., Oakes, W. J. (2012). Cervical ribs with neurological sequelae in children: a case series. Childs Nervous System, 28(4), 605-608.

Tubbs, R. S., Bosmia, A. N., Mortazavi, M. M., Loukas, M., Shoja, M., Cohen-Gadol, A. A. (2012). Hieronymus Brunschwig (c. 1450-1513): his life and contributions to surgery. Childs Nervous System, 28(4), 629-632.

Tubbs, R. S., Rompala, O., Verma, K., Malakpour, M., Shoja, M. M., Mortazavi, M. M., Loukas, M. (2012). James Drake (1667-1707): Anatomist and political activist. Clinical Anatomy,25(3), 295-298.

Tubbs, R. S., Shoja, M. M., Loukas, M. (2012). William Henry Battle (1855-1936). Journal of Neurology, 259(4), 790-791.

Tubbs, R. S., Rompala,O. J., Verma, K., Mortazavi, M. M., Benninger, B., Loukas, M., Chambers, M. R.
(2012). Analysis of the uncinate processes of the cervical spine: an anatomical study. Journal of Neurosurgery: Spine, 16(4), 402-407.

Tubbs, R. S., Riech, S., Verma, K., Mortazavi, M. M., Loukas, M., Benninger, B., Cohen-Gadol, A. A. (2012). Sir Charles Bell (1774-1842) and his contributions to early neurosurgery. Childs Nervous System, 28(3), 331-335.

Tubbs, R. S., Muhleman, M., Loukas, M., Cohen-Gadol, A. A. (2012). Ventriculoperitoneal shunt malfunction from cerebrospinal fluid eosinophilia in children: case-based update. Childs Nervous System, 28(3), 345-348.

Tubbs, R. S., Gianaris, N., Shoja, M. M., Loukas, M., Cohen-Gadol, A. A. (2012). "The heart is simply a muscle" and first description of the tetralogy of "Fallot". Early contributions to cardiac anatomy and pathology by bishop and anatomist Niels Stensen (1638-1686). International Journal of Cardiology, 154(3), 312-315.

Tubbs, R. S., Muhleman, M., Loukas, M., Oakes, W.J. (2012). A new form of herniation: the Chiari V malformation. Childs Nervous System, 28(2), 305-307.

Tubbs, R. S., Hattab,E. M., Loukas, M., Chern, J. J., Wellons, M., Wellons, J.C. 3rd, Iskandar, B. J., Cohen-Gadol, A. A. (2012). Histological analysis of the third ventricle floor in hydrocephalic and nonhydrocephalic brains: application to neuroendocrine complications following third ventriculostomy procedures. Journal of Neurosurgery: Pediatrics, 9(2), 178-181.

Tubbs, R. S., Mortazavi, M., Shoja, M. M., Loukas, M., Cohen-Gadol, A. A. (2012). Maister Peter Lowe and his 16th century contributions to cranial surgery. Neurosurgery, 70(2), 259-263.

Tubbs, R. S., Lancaster, J. R., Mortazavi, M. M., Loukas, M., Shoja, M. M., Hattab, E. M., Cohen-Gadol, A. A. (2012). Do grossly identifiable ganglia lie along the spinal accessory nerve? A gross and
histologic study with potential neurosurgical significance. World Neurosurgery, 77(2), 349-351.

Tubbs, R. S., Kakati, D., Chern, J. J., Loukas, M,, Shoja, M., Mortazavi, M. M., Cohen-Gadol, A. A. (2012). Tatsuji Inouye: the mind's eye. Childs Nervous System, 28(1), 147-150.

Tubbs, R. S., Radcliff, V., Shoja, M. M., Naftel, R. P., Mortazavi, M. M., Zurada, A., Loukas, M., Cohen-Gadol, A. A. (2012). Dorello canal revisited: an observation that potentially explains the frequency of
abducens nerve injury after head injury. World Neurosurgery, 77(1), 119-121.

Tubbs, R. S., Mortazavi, M. M., Louis, R. G., Loukas, M., Shoja, M. M., Chern , J. J., Benninger, B., , & Cohen-Gadol, A. A. (2012). The anterior atlantodental ligament: its anatomy and potential functional significance. World Neurosurgery, 77(5-6), 775-777.
van der Kolk, J. H., van Putten, L. A., Mulder, C. J., Grinwis, G. C., Reijm, M., Butler, C. M., von Blomberg, B. M. (2012). Glutten-dependent antibodies in horses with inflammatory small bowel disease (ISBD). Veterinary Quarterly, 32(1), 3-11.

Watanabe, K., Shoja, M. M., Loukas, M., Tubbs, R. S. (2012). Buntaro adachi (1865-1945): Japanese
master of human anatomic variation. Clinical Anatomy, 25(8), 957-960.

Williams, C. F., Moravec, F., Turnbull, J. F.,Ferguson, H. W. (2012). Seasonal development and pathological changes associated with the parasitic nematode Philometroides sanguineus in wild
crucian carp Carassius carassius (L.) in England. Journal of Helminthology, 86(3), 328-338.

Yalcin, B., Tubbs, R. S., Durmaz, A., Comert, A., Toygar, M., Loukas, M., Develi, S. (2012). Branching pattern of the external branch of the superior laryngeal nerve and its clinical importance. Clinical Anatomy, 25(1), 32-39.

2011

Akpinar-Elci, M., O. Elci and A. Odabasi (2011). "United airways disease among
florists." Chest Disease Reports 1(e10): 22-24.

Chikweto, A., S. Kumthekar, K. Tiwari, B. Nyack, M. S. Deokar, G. Stratton, C. N. Macpherson,R. N. Sharma and J. P. Dubey (2011). "Seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii in pigs, sheep, goats, and cattle from Grenada and Carriacou, West Indies." J Parasitol 97(5): 950-951.

Dean, C., D. Etienne, B. Carpentier, J. Gielecki, R. Tubbs and M. Loukas (2011).
"Hiatal hernias." Surg Radiol Anat.

Delannoy, C., J. Houghton, N. Fleming and H. Ferguson (2011). "Mauve Stingers (Pelagia noctiluca) as carriers ofthe bacterial fish pathogen Tenacibaculum maritimum." Aquaculture 311(1-4): 255-257.

Elci, O., M. Akpinar-Elci and N. Siddiqui (2011). "The concept of public health and its value in medicine." The Grenada Medical Journal 3(1): 19-21.

Forde, M., K. Morrison, E. Dewailly, N. Badrie and L. Robertson (2011). "Strengthening integrated research and capacity development within the Caribbean region." BMC International Health and
Human Rights 11(Suppl 2): S7.

Gopalakrishnan, A., B. A. Maran, V. Puvanendran, M. Rajkumar, T. Balasubramanian and H. W. Ferguson (2011). "Neoplasia in the Indian oil sardine, Sardinella longiceps (Valenciennes), and the
great barracuda, Sphyraena barracuda (Edwards), from the south-east coast of India." J Fish Dis 34
(11): 881-885.

Hebert-Blouin, M., K. Amrami, M. Loukas and R. Spinner (2011). "A proposed anatomical explanation for perineural spread of breast adenocarcinoma to the brachial plexus." Clin Anat 24(1): 101-105.

Hulsberg, P., L. Garza-Jordan Jde, R. Jordan, P. Matusz, R. Tubbs and M. Loukas (2011).
"Hepatic aneurysm: a review." Am Surg 77(5): 586-591.

Klaassen, Z., J. Chen, V. Dixit, R. Tubbs, M. Shoja and M. Loukas (2011). "Giovanni Maria Lancisi (1654-1720): anatomist and papal physician." Clin Anat 24(7): 802-806.

Klaassen, Z., M. Choi, R. Musselman, D. Eapen, R. Shane Tubbs and M. Loukas (2011). "A review of supernumerary and absent limbs and digits of the upper limb." Surg Radiol Anat.

Klaassen, Z., E. Marshall, R. Tubbs, R. Louis Jr., C. Wartmann and M. Loukas (2011). "Anatomy of the ilioinguinal and iliohypogastric nerves with observations of their spinal nerve contributions." Clin Anat 24(4): 454-461.
Klaassen, Z., M. Shoja, R. Tubbs and M. Loukas (2011). "Supernumerary and absent limbs and digits of the lower limb: a review of the literature." Clin Anat 24(5): 570-575.

Loukas, M., N. Abel, R. Tubbs, J. Grabska, J. Birungi and R. Anderson (2011). "The cardiac lymphatic system." Clin Anat 24(6): 684-691.

Loukas, M., S. Bellary, M. Kuklinski, J. Ferrauiola, A. Yadav, M. Shoja, K. Shaffer and R. Tubbs (2011). "The lymphatic system: a historical perspective." Clin Anat 24(7): 807-816.

Loukas, M., S. Bellary, R. Tubbs, M. Shoja and A. Cohen Gadol (2011). "Deep palmar communications between the ulnar and median nerves." Clin Anat 24(2): 197-201.

Loukas, M., E. Bilinsky, S. Bilinsky, P. Abrahams, M. Diamond, M. Shoja and R. Tubbs (2011). "Surgery in early Jewish history." Clin Anat 24(2): 151-154.

Loukas, M., D. El-Zammar, R. Tubbs, J. Birungi, J. Jacob, M. Shoja and R. Anderson (2011). "Intervenous tubercle of lower: True tubercle or normal interatrial fold?" Clin Anat.

Loukas, M., M. Hanna, N. Alsaiegh, M. Shoja and R. Tubbs (2011). "Clinical anatomy as practiced by ancient Egyptians." Clin Anat 24(4): 409-415.

Loukas, M., M. Hanna, J. Chen, R. Tubbs and R. Anderson (2011). "Extracardiac coronary arterial anastomoses." Clin Anat 24(2): 137-142.

Loukas, M., M. Pellerin, Z. Kimball, J. de la Garza-Jordan, R. Tubbs and R. Jordan (2011). "Intussusception: an anatomical perspective with review of the literature." Clin Anat 24(5): 552-561.

Loukas, M., B. Shayota, K. Oelhafen, J. Miller, J. Chern, R. Tubbs and W. Oakes (2011). "Associated disord
ers of Chiari Type I malformations: a review." Neurosurg Focus 31(3): E3.

Loukas, M., R. Tubbs, N. Mirzayan, M. Shirak, A. Steinberg and M. Shoja (2011). "The history of ma
stectomy." Am Surg 77(5): 566-571.

Loukas, M., K. Von Kriegenbergh, M. Gilkes, R. Tubbs, C. Walker, D. Malaiyandi and R. Anderson (2011). "Myocardial bridges: A review." Clin Anat 24(6): 675-683.

Malenfant, J., M. Robitaille, J. Schaefer, R. Tubbs and M. Loukas (2011). "Henry Jacob Bigelow (1818-1890): his contributions to anatomy and surgery." Clin Anat 24(5): 539-543.

Mortazavi, M., R. Tubbs, M. Brockerhoff, M. Loukas and W. Oakes (2011). "The first description of Chiari
I malformation with intuitive correlation between tonsillar ectopia and syringomyelia." J Neurosurg Pediatr
7(3): 257-260.

Mortazavi, M. M., R. S. Tubbs, S. Riech, K. Verma, M. M. Shoja, A. Zurada, B. Benninger, M. Loukas and A. A. Cohen Gadol (2011). "Anatomy and Pathology of the Cranial Emissary Veins: A Review with Surgical Implications." Neurosurgery.

Petrie, A., R. Tubbs, P. Matusz, K. Shaffer and M. Loukas (2011). "Obturator hernia: anatomy, embryology, diagnosis, and treatment." Clin Anat 24(5): 562-569.

Porzionato, A., V. Macchi, C. Stecco, M. Loukas,R. S. Tubbs and R. De Caro (2011). "Surgical anatomy of the pectoral nerves and the pectoral musculature." Clin Anat.

Rooney, J., K. Bourne-Yearwood, F. McGill and T. McCann (2011). "The introduction of a simulation laboratory to preclinical students at St. George’s University in Grenada." Caribbean Medical Journal 72(Supplement 3): 24.

Shane Tubbs, R., R. G. Louis, Y. B. Song, M. Mortazavi, M. Loukas, M. M. Shoja and A. A. Cohen-Gadol (2011). "External landmarks for identifying the drainage site of the vein of Labbe: application to neurosurgical
procedures." Br J Neurosurg.

Sharma, M., M. Loukas and R. Spinner (2011). "Accessory phrenic nerve: a rarely discussed common variat
ion with clinical implications." Clin Anat 24(5): 671-673.

Shoja, M., A. Harris, Y. Shoshani, B. Siesky, S. Primus, M. Loukas and R. Shane Tubbs (2011). "Central retinal
artery originating from the temporal short posterior ciliary artery associated with intraorbital external-to-
internal carotid arterial anastomoses." Surg Radiol Anat.

Shoja, M., M. Loukas, J. Etemadi and R. Shane Tubbs (2011). "Letter: Multiple renal vessels associated with testicular vessels." Surg Radiol Anat 33(6): 557.

Shoja, M., M. Loukas, R. Tubbs, A. D'Antoni, A. Dilandro and J. Cure (2011). "An aberrant cerebella
r artery originating from the internal carotidartery." Surg Radiol Anat.

Torgerson, P. R. and C. N. Macpherson (2011). "The socioeconomic burden of parasitic zoonoses: gl
obal trends." Vet Parasitol 182(1): 79-95.

Tubbs, R., D. Bauer, M. Chambers, M. Loukas, M. Shoja and A. Cohen-Gadol (2011). "A novel method for cerebrospinal fluid diversion: a cadaveric and animal study." Neurosurgery 68(2): 491-494; discussion 495.

Tubbs, R., A. Bosmia, M. Mortazavi, M. Loukas, M. Shoja and A. Cohen Gadol (2011). "Hieronymus Brunschwig (c. 1450-1513): his life and contributions to surgery." Childs Nerv Syst.

Tubbs, R., A. Bosmia, M. Shoja, M. Loukas, J. Cure and A. Cohen-Gadol (2011). "The oblique occipital sinus: a review of anatomy and imaging characteristics." Surg Radiol Anat 33(9): 747-749.

Tubbs, R., J. Hallock, V. Radcliff, R. Naftel, M. Mortazavi, M. Shoja, M. Loukas and A. Cohen-Gadol (2011). "Ligaments of the craniocervical junction." J Neurosurg Spine 14(6): 697-709.

Tubbs, R., E. Hogan, A. Deep, M. Mortazavi, M. Loukas and W. Oakes (2011). "Lateral cephaloceles: case-based
update." Childs Nerv Syst 27(3): 345-347.

Tubbs, R., D. Kakati, J. Chern, M. Loukas, M. Shoja, M. Mortazavi and A. Cohen-Gadol (2011). "Tatsuji Inouye: the mind's eye." Childs Nerv Syst.

Tubbs, R., S. Krishnamurthy, K. Verma, M. Shoja, M. Loukas, M. Mortazavi and A. Cohen-Gadol (2011). "Cavum velum interpositum, cavum septum pellucidum, and cavum vergae: a review." Childs Nerv Syst 27(11): 1927-1930.

Tubbs, R., J. Lancaster, M. Mortazavi, M. Shoja, J. Chern, M. Loukas and A. Cohen-Gadol (2011). "Morphome
try of the outlet of the foramen magnum in crania with atlantooccipital fusion."J Neurosurg Spine 15
(1): 55-59.

Tubbs, R., R. Louis, Y. Song, M. Mortazavi, M. Loukas, M. Shoja and A. Cohen-Gadol (2011). "External landm
arks for identifying the drainage site of the vein of Labbe: application to neurosurgical procedures." Br J Neurosurg.

Tubbs, R. and M. Loukas (2011). "Arachnoid granulations of the middle cranial fossa." Surg Radiol Anat
33(3): 289.

Tubbs, R., M. Mortazavi, M. Loukas, A. D'Antoni, M. Shoja, J. Chern and A. Cohen-Gadol (2011). "Anatomical study of the third occipital nerve and its potential role in occipital headache/neck pain following midline dissections of the craniocervical junction." J Neurosurg Spine 15(1): 71-75.

Tubbs, R., M. Mortazavi, M. Loukas, A. D'Antoni, M. Shoja and A. Cohen-Gadol (2011). "Cruveilhier plexus: an anatomical study and a potential cause of failed treatments for occipital neuralgia and muscular and facet denervation procedures." J Neurosurg 115(5): 929-933.

Tubbs, R., M. Mortazavi, M. Loukas, M. Shoja and A. Cohen-Gadol (2011). "Intraoperative and anatomical descriptions of intracranial connections between the glossopharyngeal and vagus nerves: clinical
implications." J Neurosurg 115(1): 179-181.

Tubbs, R., M. Mortazavi, M. Shoja, M. Loukas and A. Cohen-Gadol (2011). "Contralateral spinal accessory nerve for ipsilateral neurotization of branches of the brachial plexus: a cadaveric feasibility study." J Neurosurg
114(6): 1538-1540.

Tubbs, R., M. Mortazavi, M. Shoja, M. Loukas and A. Cohen-Gadol(2011). "Maister Peter Lowe and His 16th Century Contributions to Cranial Surgery." Neurosurgery.

Tubbs, R., M. Muhleman, M. Loukas and A. Cohen-Gadol (2011). "Ventriculoperitoneal shunt malfunction from cerebrospinal fluid eosinophilia in children: case-based update." Childs Nerv Syst.

Tubbs, R., M. Muhleman, M. Loukas and W. Oakes (2011). "Chiari I malformation and syringomyelia in a child following a lightning strike." Childs Nerv Syst.

Tubbs, R., M. Muhleman, M. Loukas and W. Oakes (2011). "A new form of herniation: the Chiari V malformation." Childs Nerv Syst.

Tubbs, R., M. Muhleman, J. Miller, M. Shoja, M. Loukas, J. Wellons and W. Oakes (2011). "Cervical ribs with ne
urological sequelae in children: a case series." Childs Nerv Syst.

Tubbs, R., H. Nguyen, M. M. Shoja, B. Benninger, M. Loukas and A. Cohen-Gadol (2011). "The medial te
ntorial artery of Bernasconi-Cassinari: a comprehensive review of its anatomy and neurosurgical importance." Acta Neurochir (Wien) 153(12): 2485-2490.

Tubbs, R., S. Riech, K. Verma, M. Loukas, M. Mortazavi and A. Cohen-Gadol (2011). "Emanuel Swedenborg (1688-1772): pioneer of neuroanatomy." Childs Nerv Syst 27(8): 1353-1355.

Tubbs, R., O. Rompala, K. Verma, M. Malakpour, M. Shoja, M. Mortazavi and M. Loukas(2011). "James Drake (1667-1707): Anatomist and political activist." Clin Anat.

Tubbs, R., M. Shoja and M. Loukas (2011). "William Henry Battle (1855-1936)." J Neurol.

Tubbs, R., M. M. Shoja, M. Loukas, J. Lancaster, M. Mortazavi, E. Hattab and A. Cohen-Gadol (2011). "Study of the cervical plexus innervation of the trapezius muscle." J Neurosurg Spine 14(5): 626-629.

Tubbs, R., P. Vahedi, M. Loukas and A. Cohen-Gadol (2011). "Harvey Cushing's experience with treating childhood hydrocephalus: in his own words." Childs Nerv Syst 27(6): 995-999.

Tubbs, R., K. Verma, S. Riech, M. Mortazavi, M. Shoja, M. Loukas, J. Cure, A. Zurada and A. Cohen-Gadol (2011). "Persistent fetal intracranial arteries: a comprehensive review of anatomical and clinical significance." J
Neurosurg 114(4): 1127-1134.

Tubbs, R. S., H. S. Nguyen, M. M. Shoja, B. Benninger, M. Loukas and A. A. Cohen-Gadol (2011). "The medial tentorial artery of Bernasconi-Cassinari: a comprehensive review of its anatomy and neurosurgical
importance." Acta Neurochir (Wien) 153(12): 2485-2490.

Tubbs, R. S., V. Radcliff, M. M. Shoja, R. P. Naftel, M. M. Mortazavi, A. Zurada, M. Loukas
and A. A. Cohen Gadol (2011). "Dorello Canal Revisited: An Observation That Potentially Explains the Frequency of Abducens Nerve Injury After Head Injury." World Neurosurg.

Uppal, K., R. Shane Tubbs, P. Matusz, K. Shaffer and M. Loukas (2011). "Meckel's diverticulum: a review." Clin Anat 24(4): 416-422.

Wartmann, C., C. Kinsella Jr., R. Tubbs and M. Loukas (2011). "A rare case of a complete left inferior vena cava
associated with the symptoms of Dunbar syndrome." Clin Anat 24(2): 262-265.

Yalcin, B., R. Tubbs, A. Durmaz, A. Comert, M. Toygar, M. Loukas and S. Develi (2011). "Branching pattern of th
e external branch of the superior laryngeal nerve and its clinical importance." Clin Anat.

Zurada, A., J. Gielecki, R. Shane Tubbs, M. Loukas, W. Maksymowicz, M. Chlebiej, A. Cohen-Gadol, J. awilinski, D. Nowak and M. Michalak (2011). "Detailed 3D-morphometry of the anterior communicating artery: potential clinical and neurosurgical implications." Surg Radiol Anat 33(6): 531-538.